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The ongoing project 'Impact of gut microbiota on severity of HFMD in children' provided us a unique opportunity to evaluate whether the rectal swabbing from child patients can be an alternative for microbiome study using 16S rRNA gene sequencing technology.
The number of institutional HFMD outbreaks recorded increased from three (affecting 12 persons) to 13 (42 persons) from the week of September 3 to that of October 1.
In addition to being caused by Coxsackievirus, HFMD may be caused by human Enterovirus A serotype 71 (HEVA-71), which is associated with a high prevalence of acute neurologic disease including aseptic meningitis, poliomyelitis-like paralysis, and encephalitis.
While health complications from HFMD are not common, viral or 'aseptic' meningitis can occur with the disease.
He maintained that cleaning and disinfecting frequently touched surfaces and soiled items, including toys, as well as avoiding close contacts such as kissing, hugging, or sharing eating utensils or cups with people who have HFMD, will go a long way in preventing the spread of the disease.
We set up a local surveillance system run by pediatricians in ambulatory care settings that was effective in detecting HFMD outbreaks and the associated enterovirus serotypes (13).
A suspected case of HFMD was defined as the occurrence of multiple erythematous papulovesicular lesions on the legs, arms, face, or oral mucosa in a person involved in basic military training activities at Lackland AFB during July 6-September 18.
Nippon VirusGuard can help mitigate the spread of contagious diseases such as HFMD and H1N1.
Volume growth is likely to decline, from a 3% CAGR in the review period to a 2% CAGR in the forecast period, unless another outbreak of infectious disease like HFMD occurs and spreads.
HFMD is a common and usually mild childhood disease.
Data furnished by the Disease Surveillance Report of DOH-Epidemiology Bureau (DOH-EB) showed that some 2,801 HFMD cases were recorded nationwide from Jan.
For example, EV71 can cause HFMD and lead to the development of severe neurological diseases.
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