HIV


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HIV

 (āch′ī-vē′)
n.
A retrovirus of the genus Lentivirus that causes AIDS by infecting helper T cells of the immune system. The most common serotype, HIV-1, is distributed worldwide, while HIV-2 is primarily confined to West Africa.

[h(uman) i(mmunodeficiency) v(irus).]

HIV

abbreviation for
(Pathology) human immunodeficiency virus; the cause of AIDS. Two strains have been identified: HIV-1 and HIV-2

HIV


n.
a variable retrovirus that invades and inactivates helper T cells of the immune system and is the cause of AIDS.
[1985–90; h(uman) i(mmunodeficiency) v(irus)]

HIV

(āch′ī-vē′)
Short for human immunodeficiency virus. The virus that causes AIDS by infecting the body's immune system.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.HIV - infection by the human immunodeficiency virusHIV - infection by the human immunodeficiency virus
viral infection, virus infection - infection by a virus that is pathogenic to humans
2.HIV - the virus that causes acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS); it replicates in and kills the helper T cells
retrovirus - any of a group of viruses that contain two single-strand linear RNA molecules per virion and reverse transcriptase (RNA to DNA); the virus transcribes its RNA into a cDNA provirus that is then incorporated into the host cell
Translations
فيروس فقدان المناعه: الأيدْز
HIV
hiv
HIVHI-virus
HIV-vírus
ŽIV
UKIMWIvirus vinavyosababishaVVU

HIV

A. N ABBR =human immunodeficiency virusVIH m
HIV positive/negativeVIH positivo/negativo
B. CPD HIV virus Nvirus m VIH

HIV

[ˌeɪtʃaɪˈviː] (=human immunodeficiency virus)
nVIH m, HIV m
modif [infection] → par le VIH; [test, testing] → pour le VIH
the HIV virus → le virus VIH HIV-negative, HIV-positive

HIV

abbr of human immunodeficiency virusHIV nt; HIV positive/negativeHIV-positiv/-negativ

HIV

[ˌeɪtʃaɪˈviː] n abbr =human immunodeficiency virusHIV m inv

HIV

(ˌeitʃ ai ˈviː) abbreviation
human immunodeficiency virus; a virus that causes AIDS.

HIV

abbr human immunodeficiency virus. V. virus.
References in periodicals archive ?
HIV positivity was confirmed using the HIV Western Blot kit (J.
We need to remove the doom from an HIV diagnosis and give people a reason to live, Right now a lot of us living with HIV don't have one.
To some extent, this is because visceral abdominal obesity is markedly on the rise worldwide in virtually all populations, hence it is difficult to impute increases in abdominal fat to specific effects of HIV infection or its treatment.
Survey respondents were 23-29-year-old men who were recruited at venues frequented by men who have sex with men; those who agreed to participate completed standard interviews, had blood drawn for HIV testing, received HIV counseling and, if appropriate, were given a referral for care.
She's learned a lot about her disease since her diagnosis on March 14, 2006, but the biggest lesson she learned has nothing to do with the immune system: "I learned that HIV is not a disease of homosexual men and IV drug users," she says.
Although symptoms of acute retroviral syndrome develop in up to 89% of persons newly infected with HIV (3), the timely recognition and diagnosis of primary HIV infection and initiation of antiretroviral treatment before HIV seroconversion have rarely been reported from a correctional facility.
It's a benchmark we haven't been looking forward to,'' said Mario Perez, interim director for AIDS programs and policy for Los Angeles County, where as many as 60,000 people are believed to have HIV or full-blown AIDS.
The authors believe that "antiretroviral therapy alone does not meet best-practice standards of care for this population, and therapy must be augmented by appropriate and sensitive mental health treatment, particularly as HIV disease progresses.
Most were unmarried men in their 20s, and all were free of HIV at the outset of the study.
The product is approved for the detection of antibodies to HIV in human serum, plasma or whole blood and is the first and only device to be approved for use with all three sample types.
Although the last two decades have witnessed major advances in treatment, HIV infection remains an ultimately fatal disease.