: was assessed utilizing the Short Form-36 questionnaire (SF-36) which included 36 parameters in form of eight domains involving; general health, intellectual health, physical ability, physical role, emotion role, social role, pain, and healthiness.16 Total scores were ranged from zero to100.
They evaluated factors associated with changes in HRQoL
and incidence of knee replacement as well as prevalence of pain medication.
was assessed by the generic instrument, EQ5D, and the PsA specific tool, PsAID-12.
One of the most important components of the definition of HRQoL
is that it (HRQoL
) must be determined by the patient and not the health care provider (9).
We sought to determine the beneficial effect of wet cupping on migraine headache patients, particularly any improvements in pain and HRQOL
The objectives of this study are to assess health-related QOL among HD patients attending HD units in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia and to evaluate the effect of an educational program on HRQOL
There is a dearth of data on HRQoL
among general Iranian students and adolescents and to our knowledge, there is no earlier survey on HRQoL
in terms of SES disparities in Iran.
In this context, the concept of HRQoL
refers to the value that can be placed on life due to the modifications that may occur because of diseases or conditions, treatments and health care policies (7).
A number of disease-specific patient reported outcome measures such as the Parkinson's Disease Quality of Life Questionnaire, Parkinson's Impact Scale, Parkinson's Disease Quality of Life Scale have been developed to capture the overall impact of PD on HRQoL
To have clinical usefulness, HRQoL
measures must offer validity, reliability, sensitivity to change, and provide useful clinical data among other properties.
Another variable associated with HRQoL
is self-perception of health (17); with perception of health worsening in children 12 years and older (18).
Quality of life is the well-being of the individual while fulfilling most of the needs that are possible.4 It is increasingly recognised that psychological and biological factors are highly associated with HRQoL
. The psychological resources like self-esteem, sense of coherence and perceived control and psychological risk factors like depressed mood independently relate to the HRQoL
.5 It has been observed that economically and racially diverse group of women with early pregnancy have depressive symptoms.6