News of Hollywood, usually found in the trade papers, gossip columns, and movie reviews, filled headlines, newsreels, and radio broadcasts with accounts of HUAC
's Investigation of Communist Infiltration in Hollywood.
While being investigated by the HUAC
, Foreman came to feel very similarly to his protagonist: "As I was writing the screenplay, it became insane, because life was mirroring art and art was mirroring life." Frankel writes that Foreman "began to rethink his screenplay for High Noon and turn it into an allegory about the Red Scare and the blacklist.
This was actually an unfair slander against Asch, who had already shown his defiance by commissioning Guthrie to write and record Ballads for Sacco and Vanzetti in 1946, when the HUAC
was already flexing its muscles (Cohen 2012, 35).
Humanists certainly weren't exempt from the attention of HUAC
and McCarthyism, given that atheism was associated with supposedly "godless communism," and humanism has a long history with the Left.
The Ten's disastrous strategy of attempting to put HUAC
on trial through their testimony largely stemmed from the Party's insistence that their membership be kept secret.
As a result of her smear campaign, Trumbo and nine other screenwriters, known as the Hollywood 10 are summoned by the HUAC
. He refuses to cow down to intimidation and gears up to defend the case in the Supreme Court.
In addition to writing the scripts for such movies as Algiers and Action in the North Atlantic, he became one of the Hollywood Ten, the original uncooperative HUAC
witnesses who prompted the blacklist.
Ayn Rand, testifying before HUAC
, described the Nazi invasion as depicted in "Song of Russia." Border guards are shown listening peacefully to a Tchaikovsky concert:
Ross usefully notes that HUAC
members and staff were not simply reactionaries on a political witch-hunt.
It was during an acting stint at the Oregon Shakespeare Festival that he was called to testify before HUAC
and members of the House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC
) were tasked with rooting out so-called deviant behaviour.