During the 1740s, a secessionist crisis led the irascible hakham
Samuel Mendes de Sola to abuse his prerogative to excommunicate members of the community.
He traces the use of the words as they are associated with the scribe (sofer), the doresh ha-torah in the Dead Sea scrolls, the "exegetes of the laws" in the writings of Josephus, and the rabbinic "sage" (hakham
), showing the development of the uses of midrash as a form of instruction throughout these periods.
(46) Moreover, aside from the title "rabbi," these rabbinic figures also employed the appellation hakham
, or "sage." Their title deriving from the same Hebrew root as wisdom (hokhma), these aspiring leaders perceived themselves as embodiments of this tradition and strove to impart their sagaciousness to their adherents.
175-180 and Amos Hakham
, Da'at Mikra--Esther (Jerusalem: Mossad HaRav Kook, 1990) pp.
Karaite religious scholar and hakham
Yosef Aljamil, who has spent much of his life studying the Codex and other Karaite manuscripts, says, "It's part of our lives, a glorious part of which we are proud." Aljamil, 65 and born in Cairo, considers claims that the Ashers were not Karaites or that the Codex was not written by Moshe Ben Asher to be nonsense.
Once there, he studied under the community's first Hakham
(Rabbi), Isaac Uziel, a North African native, from whom Aboab learned both Hebrew and poetics.
He described the hakham
as someone "who walks the via media, the golden mean, not too humble and not too arrogant, not too generous but not too stingy": The right way is the middle way in all human traits.
After the Farhood, Hakham
(rabbi) David ben Hakham
Yosef Hayim (the Ben Ish Hai) called for slihot every Monday and Thursday to pray for the Jews of Europe and, in particular, of Poland.
Nessah Synagogue, the most prominent Persian synagogue in Beverly Hills, was founded in 1980 as a congregation in exile led by the son of Hakham
Yedidia Shofet, the chief rabbi of Tehran and scion of a rabbinic dynasty that stretches back 12 generations.
(In diverse Japanese, Indian or Jewish traditions, for instance, the terms for this guiding person are respectively roshi, guru, hakham
, all approximately meaning 'sage, respected wise teacher'.) The question immediately arises, who was this person in Wittgenstein's case?
Labriola, "Jewish Christianity in Milton's Paradise Lost: The Son as Angel of the Lord"; Amnon Raz-Krakozkin, "From Safed to Venice: The Shulhan 'Arukh and the Censor"; Boaz Huss, "The Text and Context of the 1684 Sulzbach Edition of the Zohar"; Matt Goldish, "Orthodoxy and Heterodoxy in the 1689 London Sermons of Hakham
Solomon Aailion"; Michael N.
("sage," meaning "Rabbi") and expatriate Spaniard Immanuel Aboab (1555-1628) articulated an official, pious contempt toward border-crossers when he wrote the following indictment in a letter to converso leaders in France between 1626 and 1627: Some [who are of our Nation travel to the Lands of Idolatry--probably meaning Spain and Portugal in particular] because they are roguish vagabonds who, after ...