learn in high school about Hammurapi
and his famous laws.
is best known for the collection of a set of laws named after him (Codex Hammurapi
's formulation is by far the best organized and most comprehensive of antiquity" after the Law of Moses.
Ancient Jewish attitudes to slaverywhich are surveyed in the volume by the University of London's Catherine Hezser, author of 2005's Jewish Slavery in Antiquitydiffered from those of other ancient peoples mostly in terms of their specific details: For example, "Hebrew legal thinkers limited the length of debt-slavery a Hebrew could endure to six years, while Hammurapi
had limited debt-slavery service to three years."
Moreover, this includes the (albeit possibly rudimental) implementation of a self-contained system "law", be it stipulated orally or in writing, be it by convention, by custom or by a legendary act of legislation by Hammurapi
, Moses, Solon or founded by Decemviri.
However, for many scholars the most important and compelling evidence for the veneration of ancestors comes from several lists of kings, notably the Eblaite king list, the Genealogy of the Hammurapi
Dynasty (GHD) and the Ugaritic texts KTU 1.113 and 1.161.
In these chapters, Garroway's sources are cuneiform texts, principally the Code of Hammurapi
, Old Babylonian and Neo-Babylonian contracts, and Nuzi contracts and seals, with some references to Middle Assyrian laws.
The T-Perfect in the Akkadian of Old Babylonian Letters, with a Supplement on Verbal Usage in the Code of Hammurapi
and the Laws of Eshnunna.
These include Eva Strommenger, "Das Menschenbild in der altmeso-potamischen Rundplastik von Mesilim bis Hammurapi
," Baghdader Mitteilangen 1 (1960): 1-103: Eva Braun-Holzinger, Friihdynastische Beterstatuetten (Berlin: Gebruder Mann, 1977): and ead., Das Herrscherbild in Mesopotamien und Elam: Spates 4.