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(hɑˈskɑ lɑ, ˌhɑ skɑˈlɑ)

an 18th–19th-century movement among central and E European Jews, intended to modernize Jews and Judaism by encouraging adoption of secular European culture.
[1900–10; < Hebrew haśkālāh enlightenment]
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References in periodicals archive ?
In yet another place, in Oz's essay "Under this Blazing Lights," which is possibly the most important political manifesto of his literary credo, he defines the role of the writer as the "tribe's wizard." Oz thus reveals his own identity, and creates a parallel between "the tribe's wizard" and "The Watchman of the House of Israel," the political term coined by Yitzhak Arter, a member of the Jewish Enlightenment (the haskala) and the anti-Hassidic satire writer at the beginning of the 19th century (Arter).
How the Jewish Left Corrupts Judaism and Endangers Israel is a sweeping critique of the contemporary progressive Jewish left, arguing that its roots in the Jewish enlightenment (haskala) and classical Reform Judaism render it a distortion of "traditional Judaism" and a danger to Jews.
"The Nahdah and the Haskala: A Comparative Reading of 'Revival' and 'Reform.'" Middle Eastern Literatures 16.3 (2013): 300-16.
Born between 1860 and 1875 in different regions of present-day Ukraine, Maurice Fishberg, Theodore Sachs, and Charles Spivak grew up amid the social and intellectual ferment of the Haskala, or Jewish Enlightenment movement.
In his next chapter Schwartz moves eastward to the Hebrew Haskala and its pursuit of either intellectual models immanent to the Jewish tradition.
The relationships between the new methods and approaches of the nineteenth century Orientalists toward the Qur'an and that of the nineteenth century Muslim reformers become more meaningful if we keep in mind the direct connection between the foundation of this so-called scientific study of Islam in the nineteenth century by the Orientalists and the Jewish Enlightenment, or the Haskala, of the latter half of the eighteenth century which provided tools, techniques, and methods to the Orientalists who laid a new foundation of Islamic studies.
Sha'ul can be described as the first Iraqi Jew in the modern period who tried to adopt in his writings a local version of the earlier Jewish European Haskala (Enlightenment).