"As a result of the expulsion, so many different trends were put in place in Zionism, Hassidism
and even leading up to the Holocaust.
(49.) Jacques Gutwirth, "Hassidism
and Urban Life," Jewish Journal of Sociology 38 (1996): 105-113, esp.
See, for example, Cohen, "Martin Buber"; Marmor, "Excommunication of Hassidism
"; Simon, "From Dialogue to Peace."
Synopsis: Religious traditions in the United States are characterized by ongoing tension between assimilation to the broader culture, as typified by mainline Protestant churches, and defiant rejection of cultural incursions, as witnessed by more sectarian movements such as Mormonism and Hassidism
. However, in "A Culture of Engagement: Law, Religion, and Morality ", legal theorist and Catholic theologian Cathleen Kaveny (Darald and Juliet Libby Professor at Boston College) contends there is a third possibility she terms a culture of engagement, that accommodates and respects tradition.
Within the world of Hassidism
, there are very wide differences between sect and sect.
An accomplished professor of Jewish Thought at The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Idel is the author of several books, including Kabbalah and Eros (1); and Hassidism
: Between Ecstasy and Magic (2).
Therefore, a union with "nothingness" has retained some of its literal meaning in Hassidism
, which is heavily based on Kabbalistic symbolism.
I first learned about Hassidism
when in the early 60's I read "Tales of the Hassidism
" by Martin Buber, a German Jewish philosopher who taught at the Hebrew University in Jerusalem.
We see this in his response to Harold Kushner's attempt to understand the existence of evil, and Leibowitz's attitude to the duality represented by the concepts of body and soul, which has led to the development of Kabbalah, Jewish mysticism and Hassidism
. Leibowitz describes the Kabbalah as the first of the "two great distortions of Jewish faith", one "which converted the obligation imposed upon the Jewish people into a vocation affecting the cosmos and God Himself."
In a lecture entitled "Dance Themes of Hassidism
and Hinduism," Hadassah argued that Hasidism and Hinduism have much in common, including the use of dance as a means to reach a state of ecstatic transcendence.