cardiopulmonary bypass

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cardiopulmonary bypass

n.
A procedure to circulate and oxygenate the blood while surgery is performed on the heart. It involves the diversion of blood from the heart and lungs through a heart-lung machine and the return of oxygenated blood to the aorta.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
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About the inefficiency of the institute's management, the report states that many equipments were not installed, including the sophisticated echocardiography machine, intra-aortic balloon pump, diathermy machine, electric sternum saw, heart lung machine with hypothermia, cardiac surgery instruments, ICU motorized beds.
Dr Adil Al Kindi, cardiac surgeon at SQU Hospital, said the conventional procedure, or open heart surgery requires stopping the heart and putting the patient on a heart lung machine until the replacement is done.