Escherichia coli

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Esch•e•rich•i•a co•li

(ˌɛʃ əˈrɪk i ə ˈkoʊ laɪ)

n.
a species of rod-shaped, facultatively anaerobic bacteria in the large intestine of humans and other animals, sometimes pathogenic.
[< New Latin, after T. Escherich (1857–1911), German physician; see -ia, coliform]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Escherichia coli - a species of bacterium normally present in intestinal tract of humans and other animals; sometimes pathogenic; can be a threat to food safety
escherichia - a genus of enteric bacteria
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References in periodicals archive ?
that include a cytotoxic heat-labile enterotoxin (act), a cytotonic heat-labile enterotoxin (alt) and a cytotonic heat-stable enterotoxin (ast) encoded by act, alt and ast gene, respectively (9, 45).
It is well known from animal studies that cholera toxin (CT) secreted by Vibrio cholerae and heat-labile enterotoxin (LT) from Escherichia coli (E.
Torkel, "Rapid Detection by a Coagglutination Test of Heat-Labile Enterotoxin in Cell Lysates from Blood Agar-Grown Escherichia coli," Journal of Clinical Microbiology, vol.
Virulence of Aeromonads is considered to be multifactorial including cytotonic heat-labile (alt), and cytotonic heat-stable enterotoxins (ast), cytotoxic heat-labile enterotoxin (act), hemolysin (hly), aerolysin (aei), flagella A and flagella B (fla), lipase (lip), elastase (ela), serine protease (ser), and DNases (exu) [8].
Abbreviations: BT: botulinum toxoid; cCHP: cationic cholesteryl-group bearing pullulan; CCL: CC chemokine ligand; CCR: CC chemokine receptor; CT: cholera toxin; CTB: CT B subunit; GALT: gut-associated lymphoid tissue; Gp2: glycoprotein 2; [IgA.sup.+] B cell: IgA-committed B cell; IL: interleukin; LT: heat-labile enterotoxin; MALT: mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue; M cell: microfold or membranous cell; NALT: nasopharynx-associated lymphoid tissue; PP: Peyer's patch; RANK: receptor activator of nuclear factor [kappa]B; RANKL: RANK ligand; SIgA: secretory IgA; TGF-[beta]: transforming growth factor [beta]; Th: helper T; UEA-1: Ulex europaeus agglutinin 1; VHH: variable domain of llama heavychain antibody fragment.
(3) ETEC strains have several virulence factors like heat-labile enterotoxin (LT), heat-stable enterotoxin (ST) and colonization factors (CFs).
Crystal structure of a cholera toxin-related heat-labile enterotoxin from E.
By analysing adjusted population attributable fractions, they found that most attributable cases of moderate-to-severe diarrhoea were due to four pathogens: rotavirus, Cryptosporidium, enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli producing heat-stable toxin (ST-ETEC; with or without co-expression of heat-labile enterotoxin), and Shigella.
coli if a PCR result was a positive for genes coding heat-stable enterotoxin or heat-labile enterotoxin; as enteroinvasive E.