Hebraism


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He·bra·ism

 (hē′brā-ĭz′əm)
n.
1. A manner or custom characteristic of the Hebrews.
2. A linguistic feature typical of Hebrew occurring especially in another language.
3. The culture, spirit, or character of the Hebrew people.
4. Judaism.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

Hebraism

(ˈhiːbreɪˌɪzəm)
n
1. (Languages) a linguistic usage, custom, or other feature borrowed from or particular to the Hebrew language, or to the Jewish people or their culture
2. (Peoples) a linguistic usage, custom, or other feature borrowed from or particular to the Hebrew language, or to the Jewish people or their culture
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

He•bra•ism

(ˈhi breɪˌɪz əm, -bri-)

n.
1. an expression or construction distinctive of the Hebrew language.
2. the character, spirit, principles, or practices of the Hebrews.
[1560–70; < Late Greek]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

Hebraism, Hebraicism

1. an expression or construction peculiar to Hebrew.
2. the character, spirit, principles, or customs of the Hebrew people.
3. a Hebrew loanword in English, as shekel. — Hebraist, n. — Hebraistic, Hebraic, adj.
See also: Language
the thought, spirit, and practice characteristic of the Hebrews. — Hebraist, n. — Hebraistic, Hebraistical, adj.
See also: Judaism
-Ologies & -Isms. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Hebraism - Jews collectively who practice a religion based on the Torah and the TalmudHebraism - Jews collectively who practice a religion based on the Torah and the Talmud
organized religion, religion, faith - an institution to express belief in a divine power; "he was raised in the Baptist religion"; "a member of his own faith contradicted him"
Jewish Orthodoxy, Orthodox Judaism - Jews who strictly observe the Mosaic law as interpreted in the Talmud
Conservative Judaism - Jews who keep some of the requirements of the Mosaic law but allow for adaptation of other requirements (as some of the dietary laws) to fit modern circumstances
Reform Judaism - the most liberal Jews; Jews who do not follow the Talmud strictly but try to adapt all of the historical forms of Judaism to the modern world
Jewry - Jews collectively
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
In this way, she anticipates by some ten years Matthew Arnold's condemnation of Puritanism and the Philistine culture (or anti-culture) of acquisition, but whereas Arnold abstracts the battlegrounds of the industrial question into such incorporeal entities as Hellenism, Hebraism, and "sweetness and light," Gaskell's earthy narratives get right down into the guts and organs--literally, the stomach and the genitals.
Fox noted, Niebuhr understood by this time that "Christians needed the leaven of pure Hebraism to counteract the Hellenism to which they were prone." Niebuhr now argued forcefully that Christians had no business trying to convert Jews.
Everything Jewish could be absorbed and dissolved in something quite non-Jewish and identical with the Yankee being as I knew it in Boston." (14) His enthusiasm for his Jewish heritage was rekindled at Harvard, inspired by his American literature professor Barrett Wendell, who taught him to link American ideals with Hebraism, and it was further reinforced through the influence of Solomon Schechter, president of the Jewish Theological Seminary, whom he met in 1906 at a Zionist retreat.
The ambivalence was rather baked into the very substance of Christian Hebraism (Coudert and Shoulson 2004; Burnett 2012; Dunkelgriin 2017).
It is notable that Hazony scants Hellenism in favor of Hebraism. And when he does bring up the Greeks, he does so in minimizing ways, as when he conflates the two very different systems: "Both the Israelite and Athenian states were thus able to function on the whole as free states."
Among the topics are the birth and early reception of a masterpiece: some loose ends and common misconceptions, early Oxford Hebraism and the King James translators 1586-1617: the view from New College, the Hebraic explorations of the English mercier: Richard Kilbie (1560/61-1620), the earliest known draft of the King James Bible: Samuel Ward's draft of 1 Esdras and Wisdom 3-4, and Miles Smith (1552/53-1624) and the uses of oriental learning.
Such a religious aesthetics (husn as beauty derived from ihsan)21 is markedly different from the Jewish Hebraism that conditions faith through the desire of seeing the hidden as the manifest materially / linguistically, as the Qur'an reports about the Jews telling Moses that they would never believe in him until they'see God manifestly' (2: 55).
And Arnold even names what he believes prevents modern culture from developing this new mode of thinking: its reliance on Hebraism. He discusses Hebraism as the dominant cultural influence in nineteenth-century Britain and explains, "the uppermost idea with Hebraism is conduct and obedience" (5:165).
Arnold considers British adherence to duty as one of the two main tendencies of human existence; he names it Hebraism in his essay "Hebraism and Hellenism" {Culture and Anarchy, 1869).
See "A Portrait of Spinoza"; "Maimonides and Spinoza on the Knowledge of Good and Evil," 167-85 ; "Spinoza Against the Prophets on Criticizing the Government," 83-90; "The Incorporeality of God in Maimonides, Rabad and Spinoza," 63-69; Physics and Metaphysics in Hasdai Crescas', "Spinoza's Metaphysical Hebraism," 107-14; "Idel on Spinoza," 88-94; "Spinoza and the Parable of the Fish of the Sea," 36975; "Spinoza on Ibn Ezra's Secret of the Twelve," 41-55; "Gersonides and Spinoza on Conatus," 273-97; "Shlomo Pines on Maimonides, Spinoza and Kant," 173-82; "Spinoza's Counterfactual Zionism," 235-44; "Spinoza on Biblical Miracles," 659-75; "Ishq, Heshek and Amor Dei Intellectualis"; "Du mysticisme au-dela de la philosophie: Maimonide et Spinoza" (forthcoming).