Hebrew


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Related to Hebrew: Hebrew alphabet, Hebrew people

He·brew

 (hē′bro͞o)
n.
1.
a. A member of an ancient Semitic people claiming descent from Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob; an Israelite.
b. A descendant of this people; a Jew.
2.
a. The Semitic language of the ancient Hebrews.
b. Any of the various later forms of this language, especially the language of the Israelis.
3. Hebrews(used with a sing. verb) See Table at Bible.

[Middle English Ebreu, from Old French, from Latin Hebraeus, Hebraic, from Greek Hebraios, from Aramaic 'ibrāy, from Hebrew 'ibrî.]

He′brew adj.

Hebrew

(ˈhiːbruː)
n
1. (Languages) the ancient language of the Hebrews, revived as the official language of Israel. It belongs to the Canaanitic branch of the Semitic subfamily of the Afro-Asiatic family of languages
2. (Historical Terms) a member of an ancient Semitic people claiming descent from Abraham; an Israelite
3. archaic or offensive a Jew
adj
4. (Peoples) of or relating to the Hebrews or their language
5. (Languages) of or relating to the Hebrews or their language
6. archaic or offensive Jewish
[C13: from Old French Ebreu, from Latin Hebraeus, from Greek Hebraios, from Aramaic `ibhray, from Hebrew `ibhrī one from beyond (the river)]

He•brew

(ˈhi bru)

n.
1. a member of any of a group of Semitic peoples who inhabited ancient Palestine and claimed descent from the Biblical patriarchs Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.
2. the Semitic language of the ancient Hebrews, retained as the liturgical and scholarly language of Judaism and revived as a vernacular in the 20th century.
adj.
3. of or pertaining to the Hebrews or their language in its ancient or modern forms: the Hebrew alphabet.
[before 1000; Old English Ebrēas (pl.) < Medieval Latin Ebrēī; Middle English Hebreu, variant (with H- < Latin) of Ebreu < Old French < Medieval Latin Ebrēus, for Latin Hebraeus < Late Greek Hebraîos < Aramaic ‘Ibhraij]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Hebrew - the ancient Canaanitic language of the Hebrews that has been revived as the official language of IsraelHebrew - the ancient Canaanitic language of the Hebrews that has been revived as the official language of Israel
Hakham - a Hebrew title of respect for a wise and highly educated man
Rabbi - a Hebrew title of respect for a Jewish scholar or teacher
Modern Hebrew - Hebrew used in Israel today; revived from ancient Hebrew
Canaanitic, Canaanitic language - a group of Semitic languages
rabbi - spiritual leader of a Jewish congregation; qualified to expound and apply Jewish law
2.Hebrew - a person belonging to the worldwide group claiming descent from Jacob (or converted to it) and connected by cultural or religious tiesHebrew - a person belonging to the worldwide group claiming descent from Jacob (or converted to it) and connected by cultural or religious ties
individual, mortal, person, somebody, someone, soul - a human being; "there was too much for one person to do"
Jewry - Jews collectively
Ashkenazi - a Jew of eastern European or German descent
Conservative Jew - Jew who keeps some requirements of Mosaic law but adapts others to suit modern circumstances
Essene - a member of an ascetic Jewish sect around the time of Jesus
Jewess - a woman who is a Jew
sheeny - (ethnic slur) offensive term for a Jew
Levite - a member of the Hebrew tribe of Levi (especially the branch that provided male assistants to the temple priests)
Orthodox Jew - Jew who practices strict observance of Mosaic law
Pharisee - a member of an ancient Jewish sect noted for strict obedience to Jewish traditions
Reform Jew - liberal Jew who tries to adapt all aspects of Judaism to modern circumstances
Sadducee - a member of an ancient Jewish sect around the time of Jesus; opposed to the Pharisees
Sephardi, Sephardic Jew - a Jew who is of Spanish or Portuguese or North African descent
Wandering Jew - a legendary Jew condemned to roam the world for mocking Jesus at the Crucifixion
Zealot - a member of an ancient Jewish sect in Judea in the first century who fought to the death against the Romans and who killed or persecuted Jews who collaborated with the Romans
Zionist - a Jewish supporter of Zionism
Adj.1.Hebrew - of or relating to or characteristic of the Hebrews; "the old Hebrew prophets"
2.Hebrew - of or relating to the language of the Hebrews; "Hebrew vowels"
Translations
hebreo
hepreaheprealainenheprean kieli
héber
hebrajski
ebraicălimba ebraică
hebrejčina
hebreiska
希伯来语

Hebrew

[ˈhiːbruː]
A. ADJhebreo
B. N
1. (= person) → hebreo/a m/f
2. (Ling) → hebreo m

Hebrew

[ˈhiːbruː]
adjhébraïque
nhébreu m

Hebrew

adjhebräisch
n
Hebräer(in) m(f)
(Ling) → Hebräisch nt ? also English

Hebrew

[ˈhiːbruː]
1. adj (language) → ebraico/a; (person, nation) → ebreo/a
2. n (person) → ebreo/a; (language) → ebraico
References in classic literature ?
Verily, too early died that Hebrew whom the preachers of slow death honour: and to many hath it proved a calamity that he died too early.
The Hebrew aide-de-camp in the service of the officer at the table bid against the Hebrew gentleman employed by the elephant purchasers, and a brisk battle ensued over this little piano, the combatants being greatly encouraged by Mr.
He studied the languages, Latin, Greek, Hebrew, a triple sanctuary then very little frequented.
It is well known that great scholars who have shown the most pitiless acerbity in their criticism of other men's scholarship have yet been of a relenting and indulgent temper in private life; and I have heard of a learned man meekly rocking the twins in the cradle with his left hand, while with his right he inflicted the most lacerating sarcasms on an opponent who had betrayed a brutal ignorance of Hebrew. Weaknesses and errors must be forgiven--alas!
"I was your father's friend, and I'm your friend; and I warn you as a friend, and an honest one that wants to protect you and keep you out of harm and trouble, to turn your backs on that scoundrel and have nothing to do with him, the ignorant tramp, with his idiotic Greek and Hebrew, as he calls it.
The minister stood white and speechless, with one hand on the Hebrew Scriptures, and the other spread upon his breast.
The French alphabet, written out with the same numerical values as the Hebrew, in which the first nine letters denote units and the others tens, will have the following significance:
Jerome, confining himself to the Hebrew, calls this sea Jamsuf.
But, by the best contradictory authorities, this Grecian story of Hercules and the whale is considered to be derived from the still more ancient Hebrew story of Jonah and the whale; and vice versa; certainly they are very similar.
When he had finished, he delivered the scroll, which was in the Hebrew character, to the Pilgrim, saying, ``In the town of Leicester all men know the rich Jew, Kirjath Jairam of Lombardy; give him this scroll he hath on sale six Milan harnesses, the worst would suit a crowned head ten goodly steeds, the worst might mount a king, were he to do battle for his throne.
In which scroll were written in ancient Hebrew, and in ancient Greek, and in good Latin of the School, and in Spanish, these words: 'Land ye not, none of you.
Perhaps even Hebrew might be necessary--at least the alphabet and a few roots--in order to arrive at the core of things, and judge soundly on the social duties of the Christian.