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a. A member of an ancient Semitic people claiming descent from Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob; an Israelite.
b. A descendant of this people; a Jew.
a. The Semitic language of the ancient Hebrews.
b. Any of the various later forms of this language, especially the language of the Israelis.
3. Hebrews(used with a sing. verb) See Table at Bible.
[Middle English Ebreu, from Old French, from Latin Hebraeus, Hebraic, from Greek Hebraios, from Aramaic 'ibrāy, from Hebrew 'ibrî.]
1. (Languages) the ancient language of the Hebrews, revived as the official language of Israel. It belongs to the Canaanitic branch of the Semitic subfamily of the Afro-Asiatic family of languages
2. (Historical Terms) a member of an ancient Semitic people claiming descent from Abraham; an Israelite
3. archaic or offensive a Jew
4. (Peoples) of or relating to the Hebrews or their language
5. (Languages) of or relating to the Hebrews or their language
6. archaic or offensive Jewish
[C13: from Old French Ebreu, from Latin Hebraeus, from Greek Hebraios, from Aramaic `ibhray, from Hebrew `ibhrī one from beyond (the river)]
1. a member of any of a group of Semitic peoples who inhabited ancient Palestine and claimed descent from the Biblical patriarchs Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.
2. the Semitic language of the ancient Hebrews, retained as the liturgical and scholarly language of Judaism and revived as a vernacular in the 20th century.adj.
3. of or pertaining to the Hebrews or their language in its ancient or modern forms: the Hebrew alphabet.
[before 1000; Old English Ebrēas (pl.) < Medieval Latin Ebrēī; Middle English Hebreu, variant (with H- < Latin) of Ebreu < Old French < Medieval Latin Ebrēus, for Latin Hebraeus < Late Greek Hebraîos < Aramaic ‘Ibhraij]
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|Noun||1.||Hebrew - the ancient Canaanitic language of the Hebrews that has been revived as the official language of Israel|
Hakham - a Hebrew title of respect for a wise and highly educated man
Rabbi - a Hebrew title of respect for a Jewish scholar or teacher
Modern Hebrew - Hebrew used in Israel today; revived from ancient Hebrew
rabbi - spiritual leader of a Jewish congregation; qualified to expound and apply Jewish law
|2.||Hebrew - a person belonging to the worldwide group claiming descent from Jacob (or converted to it) and connected by cultural or religious ties|
individual, mortal, person, somebody, someone, soul - a human being; "there was too much for one person to do"
Jewry - Jews collectively
Ashkenazi - a Jew of eastern European or German descent
Conservative Jew - Jew who keeps some requirements of Mosaic law but adapts others to suit modern circumstances
Essene - a member of an ascetic Jewish sect around the time of Jesus
Jewess - a woman who is a Jew
sheeny - (ethnic slur) offensive term for a Jew
Levite - a member of the Hebrew tribe of Levi (especially the branch that provided male assistants to the temple priests)
Orthodox Jew - Jew who practices strict observance of Mosaic law
Pharisee - a member of an ancient Jewish sect noted for strict obedience to Jewish traditions
Reform Jew - liberal Jew who tries to adapt all aspects of Judaism to modern circumstances
Sadducee - a member of an ancient Jewish sect around the time of Jesus; opposed to the Pharisees
Wandering Jew - a legendary Jew condemned to roam the world for mocking Jesus at the Crucifixion
Zealot - a member of an ancient Jewish sect in Judea in the first century who fought to the death against the Romans and who killed or persecuted Jews who collaborated with the Romans
Zionist - a Jewish supporter of Zionism
|Adj.||1.||Hebrew - of or relating to or characteristic of the Hebrews; "the old Hebrew prophets"|
|2.||Hebrew - of or relating to the language of the Hebrews; "Hebrew vowels"|
1. adj (language) → ebraico/a; (person, nation) → ebreo/a
2. n (person) → ebreo/a; (language) → ebraico