spasm

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Related to Hemifacial spasm: blepharospasm

spasm

 (spăz′əm)
n.
1. A sudden, involuntary contraction of a muscle or group of muscles.
2. A sudden burst of energy, activity, or emotion.

[Middle English spasme, from Old French, from Latin spasmus, from Greek spasmos, from spān, to pull.]

spasm

(ˈspæzəm)
n
1. (Pathology) an involuntary muscular contraction, esp one resulting in cramp or convulsion
2. a sudden burst of activity, emotion, etc
[C14: from Latin spasmus, from Greek spasmos a cramp, from span to tear]

spasm

(ˈspæz əm)

n.
1. a sudden, abnormal, involuntary muscular contraction, consisting of a continued muscular contraction or of a series of alternating muscular contractions and relaxations.
2. any sudden, brief spell of great energy, activity, feeling, etc.
[1350–1400; < Latin spasmus < Greek spasmós derivative of spân to draw a sword]

spasm

A sudden, involuntary contraction of the muscle lasting a short time.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.spasm - a painful and involuntary muscular contractionspasm - a painful and involuntary muscular contraction
symptom - (medicine) any sensation or change in bodily function that is experienced by a patient and is associated with a particular disease
charley horse, charley-horse - a muscular cramp (especially in the thigh or calf) following vigorous exercise
graphospasm, writer's cramp - muscular spasms of thumb and forefinger while writing with a pen or pencil
blepharospasm - spasm of the eyelid muscle resulting in closure of the eye
crick, kink, rick, wrick - a painful muscle spasm especially in the neck or back (`rick' and `wrick' are British)
myoclonus - a clonic spasm of a muscle or muscle group
opisthotonos - severe spasm in which the back arches and the head bends back and heels flex toward the back
twitch, twitching, vellication - a sudden muscle spasm; especially one caused by a nervous condition
tenesmus - painful spasm of the anal sphincter along with an urgent desire to defecate without the significant production of feces; associated with irritable bowel syndrome
trismus - prolonged spasm of the jaw muscles
2.spasm - (pathology) sudden constriction of a hollow organ (as a blood vessel)
bronchospasm - a spasm of the bronchi that makes exhalation difficult and noisy; associated with asthma and bronchitis
cardiospasm - a spasm of the cardiac sphincter (between the esophagus and the stomach); if the cardiac sphincter does not relax during swallowing the passage of food into the stomach is obstructed
retch, heave - an involuntary spasm of ineffectual vomiting; "a bad case of the heaves"
laryngismus - laryngeal spasm caused by the sudden contraction of laryngeal muscles
constriction - the action or process of compressing
pathology - the branch of medical science that studies the causes and nature and effects of diseases

spasm

noun
1. convulsion, contraction, paroxysm, twitch, throe (rare) A lack of magnesium causes muscles to go into spasm.
2. burst, fit, outburst, seizure, frenzy, eruption, access He felt a spasm of fear.

spasm

noun
A violent, excruciating seizure of pain:
Translations
křeč
krampespasme
kouristuspuuskaspasmikipukohtauskohtaus
grč
krampi
痙攣
경련
spazma
kramp
การชักกระตุกของกล้ามเนื้อ
kasılmakrampspazm
sự co thắt

spasm

[ˈspæzəm] N
1. (Med) → espasmo m
2. (= fit) → ataque m, acceso m
a spasm of coughingun ataque or acceso de tos
in a spasm of fearen un arrebato de miedo
a sudden spasm of activityun arranque or arrebato de actividad
to work in spasmstrabajar a rachas

spasm

[ˈspæzəm] n
(MEDICINE)spasme m
to go into spasm [muscle] → se tétaniser
[anger, pain, fear, coughing, anxiety] → accès m

spasm

n (Med) → Krampf m, → Spasmus m (spec); (of asthma, coughing, fig) → Anfall m; spasms of coughingkrampfartige Hustenanfälle pl; there was a spasm of activityes entwickelte sich fieberhafte Aktivität; they play well in spasmssie spielen ab und zu ganz gut

spasm

[ˈspæzm] n (Med) → spasmo; (of coughing) → attacco, accesso (fig) → accesso
there was a brief spasm of activity → c'è stato un momento di attività spasmodica

spasm

(ˈspӕzəm) noun
a sudden uncontrollable jerking of the muscles. A spasm of pain twisted his face for a moment.

spasm

تَشَنُّج křeč spasme Krampf σπασμός espasmo kouristus spasme grč spasmo 痙攣 경련 kramp krampe skurcz espasmo спазм kramp การชักกระตุกของกล้ามเนื้อ kramp sự co thắt 痉挛

spasm

n. espasmo, convulsión, contracción muscular involuntaria.

spasm

n espasmo
References in periodicals archive ?
On admission to the NER, the patient's neurological finding was normal except for hemifacial spasm on the left side and bilateral exophthalmos.
Keywords: Botulinum toxin, blepharospasm, hemifacial spasm, strabismus
four case of hemifacial spasm are reported diagnosed on clinical grounds, and MRI brain and MRA are advised.
Synkinesis of the unaffected side in hemifacial spasm after botox injection.
The most common cause of hemifacial spasm is neurovascular compression of the facial nerve at its root exit zone.
n Japan, the product is approved for the treatment of blepharospasm (uncontrollable blinking), hemifacial spasm and cervical dystonia (a movement disorder characterized by involuntary contractions of the neck muscles).
Indeed, the Food and Drug Administration last February approved Type A treatment for people 13 years and older afflicted with any of three dystonias: strabismus, benign essential blepharospasm (spasmodic closing of the eyelids) and hemifacial spasm (in which one half of the face undergoes sudden muscle contractions).
It was initially developed for the treatment of movement disorders such as cervical dystonia (a chronic condition in which the neck is twisted or deviated), blepharospasm (involuntary eye closure), hemifacial spasm and various forms of muscle spasticity, including post-stroke arm spasticity, spasticity of the lower limbs (calf) in adults and children with cerebral palsy.
They discuss the pretherapeutic history of botulinum neurotoxin, the history of its clinical development, its pharmacology and immunological properties, and treatments for cervical dystonia, blepharospasm, oromandibular dystonia, laryngeal muscle hyperactivity syndromes, otorhinolaryngological conditions, hemifacial spasm, spasticity, spastic infantile cerebral palsy, tic disorders, essential hand and head tremor, stiff-person syndrome, ophthalmological applications, cosmetic uses, hyperhidrosis, ischemic digits, neuropathic pain, headaches, musculoskeletal pain and arthritis, plantar fasciitis, low-back pain, piriformis syndrome, the gastrointestinal tract, and urological disorders.