Hendra virus

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Related to Hendra virus: Nipah virus

Hen·dra virus

A paramyxovirus that causes respiratory illness and encephalitis in humans and is transmitted primarily from horses.

[After Hendra, a suburb of Brisbane, Australia, where the first known outbreak of the virus in horses and humans occurred.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
A recombinant Hendra virus G glycoprotein-based subunit vaccine protects ferrets from lethal Hendra virus challenge.
Scientists from academia, industry, and government agencies in North America and Europe review the current status of vaccines and diagnostics for high priority transboundary animal diseases, decision-making and regulatory processes for veterinary biologics, translating research findings into licensed novel vaccines and diagnostics, and the roles and responsibilities of government agencies, as well as achievements and gaps in vaccine and diagnostics development for 11 diseases: highly pathogenic avian influenza, exotic Newcastle disease, foot and mouth disease, Rift Valley fever, Nipah and Hendra virus, African swine fever, classical swine fever, heartwater, Q fever, Ebola, and Schmallenberg virus.
The Hendra virus is highly fatal and is considered a potential agent of bioterrorism.
A 16th horse has died from the Hendra Virus on a property on the New South Wales north coast, Australia.
Australia: Horse was put down in Australia Thursday after contracting the deadly Hendra virus -- the ninth animal to die in an outbreak which has exposed almost 50 people in two states.
Recently, equine influenza was introduced with visiting racehorses, the Hendra virus killed three people in three distinct outbreaks after moving from bats into horses and humans, and the introduced chytrid fungus has also hit our frog populations hard.
'Bird flu, West Nile virus and Hendra virus are all viral diseases that have jumped large evolutionary distances to infect humans,' said lead researcher Jonathan Davies of the University of California at Santa Barbara.
We can think recently of Sars, which came from animals and another disease, the Hendra virus, from bats.
Table 7-12 Less Common Zoonotic Paramyxoviruses Predominant Paramyxovirus Disease Signs in People Hendra virus Hendra virus Acute dyspnea, disease hemorrhagic First discovered disorders, and in 1994 in horses neurologic tissue in Brisbane, necrosis Australia (Hendra is a suburb of Brisbane) Menangle virus Menangle Influenza-like First discovered in illness with a a swine operation macular rash; no in Menangle near fatalities reported Sydney in New South Wales, Australia in 1997.
Included under the "emerging" label, along with others already mentioned, are infection with avian influenza A strains H5N1 and H9N2, Hendra virus disease, East and West African trypanosomiasis (sleeping sickness), Escherichia coli O157:H7 infection, and monkeypox.
It is closely related to another zoonotic virus that was recognized in 1994, the Hendra virus, named after the town where it first appeared, in Australia.