Henry II

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Henry II 1

King of England (1154-1189). The son of Princess Matilda, he founded the Plantagenet royal line and appointed Thomas à Becket as archbishop of Canterbury. His quarrels with Becket concerning the authority of the Crown over the Church led to the murder of the archbishop (1170).

Henry II 2

King of France (1547-1559). The son of Francis I, he regained Calais from the English (1558).
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

Henry II

1. (Biography) known as Henry the Saint. 973–1024, king of Germany and Holy Roman Emperor (1014–24): canonized in 1145
2. (Biography) 1133–89, first Plantagenet king of England (1154–89): extended his Anglo-French domains and instituted judicial and financial reforms. His attempts to control the church were opposed by Becket
3. (Biography) 1519–59, king of France (1547–59); husband of Catherine de' Medici. He recovered Calais from the English (1558) and suppressed the Huguenots
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Henry II - king of France from 1547 to 1559Henry II - king of France from 1547 to 1559; regained Calais from the English; husband of Catherine de Medicis and father of Charles IX (1519-1559)
Valois - French royal house from 1328 to 1589
2.Henry II - first Plantagenet King of England; instituted judicial and financial reforms; quarreled with archbishop Becket concerning the authority of the Crown over the church (1133-1189)
Plantagenet, Plantagenet line - the family name of a line of English kings that reigned from 1154 to 1485
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References in classic literature ?
The Valois-Saint-Remy, who descended from Henri II., also came to an end in the famous Lamothe-Valois implicated in the affair of the Diamond Necklace.
Ritchie's book tells us not only about the religious and political conflicts in Scotland but how they connected particularly with England and France, and Henri II of France's hope that the marriage of Mary's daughter and his son might lead to a Franco-British empire.
The starting-point for this exploration of the position of Philibert de L'Orme, architect to Henri II and Catherine de Medicis, in the history of architectural writing is provided by a detailed semiological analysis of the famous antithetical images of the Good and Bad Architect that conclude his Premier Tome de l'Architecture of 1567.
McGowan, "The Renaissance Triumph and its Classical Heritage"; Richard Cooper, "Court Festival and Triumphal Entries under Henri II"; Monique Chatenet, "Etiquette and Architecture at the Court of the Last Valois"; Nicholas Le Roux, "The Politics of Festivals at the Court of the Last Valois"; Chantal Grell, "The Financing and Material Organization of Court Festivals under Louis XIV"; Bernhard Schimmelpfennig, "The Two Coronations of Charles V at Bologna, 1530"; R.J.
A letter quoted in part by both Bryson and Roelker and dated January 10, 1557, refers to peace negotiations between Henri II of France and the Emperor Charles V.
The "lute-poem" -- a short lyric text in which the poetic subject personifies the lute as a muse, companion, or confidant -- was a popular genre among French poets in the 1540s and 1550s, during the final years of the reign of Francois I, and that of Henri II. [1] The convention of addressing a poem to a string instrument originated with classical poets' invocation of inspiring deities through references to the lyre.