Caption: The atrium of the Frick Collection, former 5th Avenue mansion of steel magnate Henry Clay Frick
One of New York's loveliest buildings, designed by Carrere and Hastings and sited amid serene gardens, the Henry Clay Frick
residence houses an extraordinary art collection that includes some of the most famous paintings on the planet: Hans Holbein's Thomas More and Thomas Cromwell, grimly facing each other across the fireplace, just as Frick had placed them; a roomful of Jean-Honore Fragonard's Progress of Love panels; three gorgeous Vermeers, full-length Whistlers and Van Dycks, many Rembrandts, and much more.
Historians Timothy Kelly, Margaret Power and Michael Cary recount the deplorable working and living conditions of miners and coke workers in the employ of barons like Henry Clay Frick
. Forced to live in poorly constructed homes that lacked indoor plumbing or furnaces, families of miners were vulnerable to malnutrition and illness, especially during the Depression.
Admission to the building - the legacy of Helen Clay Frick, daughter of Henry Clay Frick
, one of America's greatest industrialists and art collectors - and its five acres of beautifully landscaped lawns won't cost a dime.
Celebrities, politicians and historical figures comprise the majority of her subjects, including Henry Clay Frick
, the actress Katharine Cornell, Thomas Paine, and Henry David Thoreau.
Heinz, Henry Clay Frick
, Thomas Edison, John Rockefeller, James O'Hara, Issac Craig, Francis Cabot Lowell, John Crozer, Peter Cooper, Joseph Banigan, John Wanamaker, Philip Armour, George Pullman, Oliver Sheldon, and Joseph Wharton, and their varying levels of philanthropy and paternalism, along with discussion of government policy, unions, and the New Deal.
Shonts acted in fact more like old-time labour baiters Commodore Vanderbilt, Jay Gould, and Henry Clay Frick
than as a model public relations-conscious capitalist.
The early chapters are particularly rich in detail of Berkman's attempted attentat (political assassination) of Henry Clay Frick
. The book explores the relations among the small group who planned the unsuccessful action, Berkman's trial and imprisonment, and the subsequent legacy of Berkman's act for the movement.
When Henry Clay Frick
, superintendent of Carnegie Steel, locked the workers out of the big plant, setting off a bloody shootout, the Providence Street activists went into action.
The remaining subjects, all active within the United States are: Michigan-born poet and political philosopher Voltairine de Cleyre; radical labor activist Lucy Parsons; Samuel Fielden, an English immigrant and son of a well-known reformist employer; would-be assassin of Henry Clay Frick
and lover and political ally of Emma Goldman, Alexander Berkman; Italian-born journalist Luigi Galleani; and the more conservative/libertarian leaning William Graham Sumner, a sociologist considered an early contributor to multiculturalism theory.
The leitmotif of their lives together was Berkman's unsuccessful attempt to assassinate Henry Clay Frick
, manager of the Andrew Carnegie-owned Homestead steel works.
Henry Clay Frick
bought many of the great paintings on view at the Frick Collection from Knoedler.