Henry III


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Related to Henry III: Eleanor of Provence, Edmund Crouchback

Henry III

1207-1272.
King of England (1216-1272) who succeeded his father, King John. His reign was disrupted by baronial opposition led by Simon de Montfort, whose representative parliament, called in 1265, is considered England's first full parliament.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

Henry III

n
1. (Biography) 1017–56, king of Germany and Holy Roman Emperor (1046–56). He increased the power of the Empire but his religious policy led to rebellions
2. (Biography) 1207–72, king of England (1216–72); son of John. His incompetent rule provoked the Barons' War (1264–67), during which he was captured by Simon de Montfort
3. (Biography) 1551–89, king of France (1574–89). He plotted the massacre of Huguenots on St Bartholomew's Day (1572) with his mother Catherine de' Medici, thus exacerbating the religious wars in France
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Henry III - son of Henry II of France and the last Valois to be king of France (1551-1589)Henry III - son of Henry II of France and the last Valois to be king of France (1551-1589)
Valois - French royal house from 1328 to 1589
2.Henry III - son of King John and king of England from 1216 to 1272; his incompetence aroused baronial opposition led by Simon de Montfort (1207-1272)
Plantagenet, Plantagenet line - the family name of a line of English kings that reigned from 1154 to 1485
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References in classic literature ?
It started, directly, in the London palace of Henry III, and was the result of a quarrel between the King and his powerful brother-in-law, Simon de Montfort, Earl of Leicester.
Henry III had always been accounted a good swordsman, but that day he quite outdid himself, and in his imagination was about to run the pseudo De Montfort through the heart, to the wild acclaim of his audience.
Under Henry III., gay king as he was, this position was a grand as the height of one of the loftiest peaks of the Cordilleras.
The Vale was known in former times as the Forest of White Hart, from a curious legend of King Henry III's reign, in which the killing by a certain Thomas de la Lynd of a beautiful white hart which the king had run down and spared, was made the occasion of a heavy fine.
Tradition said that this house with the pointed gables was inhabited, in the time of Henry III., by a councilor of state whom Queen Catherine came, some say to visit, and others to strangle.
At last Louis XIII made Treville the captain of his Musketeers, who were to Louis XIII in devotedness, or rather in fanaticism, what his Ordinaries had been to Henry III, and his Scotch Guard to Louis XI.
In the time of Henry III, of England, a law was made which prescribed the death penalty for "Kyllynge, wowndynge, or mamynge" a fairy, and it was universally respected.
A Richard III B Henry III C Henry IV D Edward IV 13.
In 1265, during the Barons' War, it was held for ten weeks by supporters of Simon de Montfort against the men of Prince Edward, son of Henry III. During the reigns of Henry III and Edward I the castle served as the military headquarters for the conquest of Wales and much building work was carried out, especially in the outer bailey.
ON THIS DAY 1272: Following Henry III of England's death on November 16, his son Prince Edward became King of England (Edward I).
1264: Henry III of England is captured after defeat at the Battle of Lewes, making Simon de Montfort the de facto ruler: his success was short-lived as he would be defeated and killed by royal forces under Henry's son Edward (the future Edward I) at Evesham the following year.
When his brother Charles IX died in 1574, Henry III fled Poland incognito to claim his French crown.