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King of England (1216-1272) who succeeded his father, King John. His reign was disrupted by baronial opposition led by Simon de Montfort, whose representative parliament, called in 1265, is considered England's first full parliament.
1. (Biography) 1017–56, king of Germany and Holy Roman Emperor (1046–56). He increased the power of the Empire but his religious policy led to rebellions
2. (Biography) 1207–72, king of England (1216–72); son of John. His incompetent rule provoked the Barons' War (1264–67), during which he was captured by Simon de Montfort
3. (Biography) 1551–89, king of France (1574–89). He plotted the massacre of Huguenots on St Bartholomew's Day (1572) with his mother Catherine de' Medici, thus exacerbating the religious wars in France
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|Noun||1.||Henry III - son of Henry II of France and the last Valois to be king of France (1551-1589)|
Valois - French royal house from 1328 to 1589
|2.||Henry III - son of King John and king of England from 1216 to 1272; his incompetence aroused baronial opposition led by Simon de Montfort (1207-1272)|