virus

(redirected from Hepatitis C virus)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Acronyms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

vi·rus

 (vī′rəs)
n. pl. vi·rus·es
1.
a. Any of various submicroscopic agents that infect living organisms, often causing disease, and that consist of a single or double strand of RNA or DNA surrounded by a protein coat. Unable to replicate without a host cell, viruses are typically not considered living organisms.
b. A disease caused by a virus.
2. A computer program or series of commands that can replicate itself and that spreads by inserting copies of itself into other files or programs which users later transfer to other computers. Viruses usually have a harmful effect, as in erasing all the data on a disk.
3. A harmful or destructive influence: the pernicious virus of racism.

[Latin vīrus, poison.]

virus

(ˈvaɪrəs)
n, pl -ruses
1. (Microbiology) any of a group of submicroscopic entities consisting of a single nucleic acid chain surrounded by a protein coat and capable of replication only within the cells of living organisms: many are pathogenic
2. (Pathology) informal a disease caused by a virus
3. any corrupting or infecting influence
4. (Computer Science) computing an unauthorized program that inserts itself into a computer system and then propagates itself to other computers via networks or disks; when activated it interferes with the operation of the computer
[C16: from Latin: slime, poisonous liquid; related to Old English wāse marsh, Greek ios poison]
ˈvirus-ˌlike adj

vi•rus

(ˈvaɪ rəs)

n., pl. -rus•es.
1. an ultramicroscopic (20 to 300 nm in diameter), metabolically inert, infectious agent that replicates only within the cells of living hosts, mainly bacteria, plants, and animals: composed of an RNA or DNA core, a protein coat, and, in more complex types, a surrounding envelope.
2. a disease caused by a virus.
3. a corrupting influence on morals or the intellect; poison.
4. a segment of self-replicating code planted illegally in a computer program, often to damage or shut down a system or network.
[1590–1600; < Latin vīrus slime, poison; akin to ooze2]
vi′rus•like`, adj.

vi·rus

(vī′rəs)
1. Any of a large group of disease-causing agents consisting of a segment of RNA or DNA within a protein shell. All viruses are parasites because they can reproduce only inside the cells of plants, animals, and bacteria. Viruses are usually not considered living organisms.
2. Computer Science A computer program that is meant to disable or damage the computer's memory or to cause another program to malfunction. Computer viruses usually copy themselves over and over.

viral adjective

virus

- A Latin word meaning "poison" or "slimy liquid," it first meant "venom of a snake."
See also related terms for poison.

virus

1. An almost lifelike, extremely small particle made of protein and nucleic acid. It needs to parasitize a living cell in order to reproduce.
2. An unauthorized program that inserts itself into a computer’s data and interferes, often destructively, with the computer’s functioning.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.virus - (virology) ultramicroscopic infectious agent that replicates itself only within cells of living hosts; many are pathogenic; a piece of nucleic acid (DNA or RNA) wrapped in a thin coat of protein
microorganism, micro-organism - any organism of microscopic size
arborvirus, arbovirus - a large heterogeneous group of RNA viruses divisible into groups on the basis of the virions; they have been recovered from arthropods, bats, and rodents; most are borne by arthropods; they are linked by the epidemiologic concept of transmission between vertebrate hosts by arthropod vectors (mosquitoes, ticks, sandflies, midges, etc.) that feed on blood; they can cause mild fevers, hepatitis, hemorrhagic fever, and encephalitis
virion - (virology) a complete viral particle; nucleic acid and capsid (and a lipid envelope in some viruses)
bacteriophage, phage - a virus that is parasitic (reproduces itself) in bacteria; "phage uses the bacterium's machinery and energy to produce more phage until the bacterium is destroyed and phage is released to invade surrounding bacteria"
plant virus - a plant pathogen that is a virus consisting of a single strand of RNA
animal virus - an animal pathogen that is a virus
slow virus - a virus that remains dormant in the body for a long time before symptoms appear; "kuru is caused by a slow virus"
tumor virus - a cell-free filtrate held to be a virus responsible for a specific neoplasm
vector - (genetics) a virus or other agent that is used to deliver DNA to a cell
virology - the branch of medical science that studies viruses and viral diseases
infectious agent, infective agent - an agent capable of producing infection
atrophic arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, rheumatism - a chronic autoimmune disease with inflammation of the joints and marked deformities; something (possibly a virus) triggers an attack on the synovium by the immune system, which releases cytokines that stimulate an inflammatory reaction that can lead to the destruction of all components of the joint
inoculant, inoculum - a substance (a virus or toxin or immune serum) that is introduced into the body to produce or increase immunity to a particular disease
2.virus - a harmful or corrupting agency; "bigotry is a virus that must not be allowed to spread"; "the virus of jealousy is latent in everyone"
delegacy, representation, agency - the state of serving as an official and authorized delegate or agent
3.virus - a software program capable of reproducing itself and usually capable of causing great harm to files or other programs on the same computervirus - a software program capable of reproducing itself and usually capable of causing great harm to files or other programs on the same computer; "a true virus cannot spread to another computer without human assistance"
malevolent program - a computer program designed to have undesirable or harmful effects

virus

noun
Anything that is injurious, destructive, or fatal:
Translations
virus
فيروسفَيْرُوسفيروس في الكومبيوترفيروس، جُرْثومَهفيروسي، جُرْثومي
вирус
virus
virusvirvirový
virus
viruso
viirus
ویروس
virus
वायरस
virus
vírusvírusosszámítógépes vírus
virus
veiraveira, vírusveiru-
ウイルス
바이러스
virus
virusasvirusinis
vīrussdatorvirussvīrusa-
virus
vírusvírusový
virus
virusвирус
virus
เชื้อเชื้อไวรัสไวรัส
вірус
حُمہ
virusvi-rút

virus

[ˈvaɪərəs]
A. N (viruses (pl)) (Med, Comput) → virus m inv
rabies virusvirus m inv de la rabia
the AIDS virusel virus del SIDA
a computer virusun virus informático
B. CPD virus disease Nenfermedad f vírica

virus

[ˈvaɪərəs] n
(MEDICINE)virus m
(COMPUTING)virus m

virus

n
(Med) → Virus nt or m, → Erreger m; polio virusPolioerreger m; the AIDS virusdas Aidsvirus; virus diseaseViruskrankheit f; she’s got or caught a virus (inf: = flu etc) → sie hat sich (dat)was geholt or eingefangen (inf)
(fig)Geschwür nt
(Comput) → Virus nt or m; virus-infectedvirenbefallen; virus detectionViruserkennung f

virus

[ˈvaɪərəs] nvirus m inv

virus

(ˈvaiərəs) noun
1. any of various types of germs that are a cause of disease.
2. a computer code that is inserted into a program to destroy information or cause errors.
adjective
He is suffering from a virus infection.

virus

فَيْرُوس vir virus Virus ιός virus virus virus virus virus ウイルス 바이러스 virus virus wirus vírus вирус virus เชื้อไวรัส virüs vi-rút 病毒

virus

n (pl viruses) virus m; attenuated — virus atenuado; Epstein-Barr — (EBV) virus Epstein-Barr (VEB); flu — virus gripal or de la gripe; hepatitis B — (HBV), hepatitis C — (HCV), etc. virus de la hepatitis B (VHB), virus de la hepatitis C (VHC), etc.; herpes simplex — (HSV) virus herpes simple (VHS); human immunodeficiency — (HIV) virus de (la) inmunodeficiencia humana (VIH); human T-lymphotrophic — virus linfotrópico humano de células T; influenza — virus de (la) influenza; live — virus vivo; Norwalk — virus Norwalk; respiratory syncytial — virus respiratorio sincitial; varicella-zoster — virus varicela-zóster; West Nile — virus del Nilo Occidental
References in periodicals archive ?
New Delhi [India], July 28 ( ANI ): An analysis done by SRL Diagnostics, a diagnostic chain in India, on Viral Hepatitis (A, B, C, E) testing done in its laboratories revealed that Hepatitis C Virus infection was most common in the Northern states of India when compared with other parts of the country.
Interspousal transmission of GB virus C/hepatitis G virus: a comparison with hepatitis C virus.
The prevalence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in sub-Saharan African populations is an estimated 3%, with modest regional variation (1).
At the end of the treatment, nearly 75 percent of the white patients no longer had hepatitis C virus detectable in their blood, whereas only 25 percent of the black patients showed no virus.
The settlement will enable Roche to continue to market probe-based hepatitis C virus and human immunodeficiency virus diagnostic products, including its polymerase chain reaction tests, for these viruses.
Five of six animals getting the gene therapy showed decreased amounts of hepatitis C virus in the infected tissue.
This patent is based on a fundamental breakthrough in infectious disease research which Chiron scientists achieved when they cloned and correctly identified the hepatitis C virus," commented Robert Blackburn, vice president and chief patent counsel at Chiron.
To the Editor: Prevalence of chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) among blood donors has been assessed in a few West African countries; most recent estimates range from 1.
Chiron Corporation (Emeryville, CA; 510-923-6686) announced that it has settled its lawsuit against Gilead Sciences (Foster City, CA; 415-574-3000), a biotechnology company, for infringement of Chiron's United States hepatitis C virus protease patents -- numbers 5,371,017; 5,585,258 and 5,597,691.
Over decades, however, some people infected with the hepatitis C virus do develop serious problems, including liver damage.