Hercynian


Also found in: Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to Hercynian: Hercynian orogeny

Hercynian

(hɜːˈsɪnɪən)
adj
(Geological Science) denoting a period of mountain building in Europe in the late Palaeozoic
[C16: from Latin Hercynia silva the Hercynian forest (i.e., the wooded mountains of central Germany, esp the Erzgebirge)]
Translations
References in classic literature ?
The same shade had before been observed at the bottom of an isolated enclosure, known by the name of Lichtenburg's circle, which is situated near the Hercynian mountains, on the borders of the moon; but they could not tell the nature of it.
The Lower Permian Haushi, being of Hercynian uncomformity.
The northernmost almost two thirds form part of the Hesperian Massif (of Hercynian orogen), with a predominance of Precambrian and Palaeozoic materials--shales, quartzite, and volcano-sedimentary and plutonic rocks.
Its origin is very old (Paleozoic) and correspond to rocks formed during the Hercynian orogeny, which were later covered by sediments and resurfaced over them during the subsequent Alpine Orogeny (Diaz Martinez et al.
2009): The geological relationships between Sardinia and Calabria during Alpine and Hercynian times.
Generally, the longitudinal distribution of species above-average associated with the Carpathian (cluster 2) and Pannonian region (cluster 5) tended slightly eastwards, whereas the distribution of species above-average associated with the Hercynian mountain region (cluster 1) and the Bohemian-Moravian hilly and highland region (cluster 3) tended rather westwards (Fig.
He likens act and consequence to entering a "vast Hercynian forest, unexplored and unmapped, where each several turn in your advance leaves you open to new anticipations of what is next to be expected, and consequently open to altered valuation of all that has been already traversed" (II, 169).
The western section of this range is the Basque Pyrenees and consists of--similar to the rest of the chain--a Hercynian axis (threshold)--formed by old, rigid and metamorphosed rocks--and Mesozoic-Tertiary cover bed, which comprises the Pre-Pyrenees subunit--SubPyrenees in France-.
His topics are the construction of Baltica--proto-Europe, the Lower Paleozoic growth of proto-Europe, the Caledonian orogeny, the expansion of Europe in the Upper Paleozoic, the Hercynian orogenic cycle, Europe in Mesozoic to mid-Cenozoic time, the Alpine orogeny, and Neogene to Quaternary Europe.
These rock formations illustrates the geological processes that have marked the south-western border of Rodnei mountains after the rising from hercynian and laramide orogeny, respectively the deposition of postaustrian sedimentary couverture, and intrusion of pannonian magmas (Figure 5).
Vicente MA, Elsass F, Molina E, Robert M (1997) Palaeoweathering in slates from the Iberian Hercynian Massif (Spain); investigation by