Herpes simplex type 1 (family Herpesviridae
, genus simplex virus, species human herpesvirus 1) is the most common, potentially fatal cause of sporadic encephalitis in adults and is the only viral cause that has a specific treatment (2,3,4).
El virus herpes simplex (VSH) pertenece a la familia Herpesviridae
, al igual que el virus varicela-Zoster (VVZ), el citomegalovirus (CMV) y el virus de Epstein-Barr (VEB).
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a ubiquitous member of the family Herpesviridae
Existen mas de 100 agentes infecciosos pertenecientes a la familia Herpesviridae
, que se divide en tres subfamilias: Alfa-, Beta- y gamma-herpesviridae
, esta ultima incluye el herpesvirus humano tipo 4 o virus de Epstein-Barr (VEB) que tiene un acentuado tropismo por linfocitos B, aunque tambien puede infectar celulas T, NK y epiteliales (1-3).
is a family of dsDNA viruses that infect humans and animals, with eight in which humans are the primary host: herpes simplex type-1 (HSV-1), herpes simplex type-2 (HSV-2), herpes simplex type-6 (HSV-6), herpes simplex type-8 (HSV-8), varicella-zoster virus (VZV), Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), and CMV (Adams, Holland, & Urban, 2014; Rote & Huether, 2014).
Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV), a DNA virus, member of herpesviridae
family, is one of the major problems associated with organ transplants, directly affecting clinical outcomes and mortality (1-4) In this context, different strategies for monitoring, prevention, and treatment have been applied.
Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV) is a latent virus from the family Herpesviridae
which is transmitted via the oropharyngeal secretions, blood, and contaminated belongings of infected individuals.
The HSV belongs to the family of Herpesviridae
, subfamily Alphaherpesvirinae, and genus Simplex virus [2,3].
Varicella-zoster virus (VZV) is a DNA virus of the family Herpesviridae
Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV), also known as human herpesvirus-5 (HHV-5), belongs to the beta herpesviridae
Due to their high prevalence and adaptation to their hosts, I will focus on relevant human pathogens within the Herpesviridae
family: herpes simplex virus type 1 and type 2 (HSV-1 and HSV-2, respectively) and varicella zoster virus (VZV).
VZV is double-stranded DNA virus related to the family of Herpesviridae