Herschel


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Her·schel

 (hûr′shəl)
Family of British astronomers, including Sir William Herschel (1738-1822), who discovered Uranus (1781) and cataloged more than 800 double stars and 2,400 previously unknown nebulae and other deep-sky objects. His sister Caroline Herschel (1750-1848) assisted in his work and discovered numerous comets. His son Sir John Frederick William Herschel (1792-1871) cataloged nearly 2,000 more deep-sky objects and conducted notable research on light, photography, and astrophysics.

Herschel

(ˈhɜːʃəl)
n
1. (Biography) Caroline Lucretia. 1750–1848, British astronomer, born in Germany, noted for her catalogue of nebulae and star clusters: sister of Sir William Herschel
2. (Biography) Sir John Frederick William. 1792–1871, British astronomer. He discovered and catalogued over 525 nebulae and star clusters
3. (Biography) his father, Sir (Frederick) William, original name Friedrich Wilhelm Herschel. 1738–1822, British astronomer, born in Germany. He constructed a reflecting telescope, which led to his discovery of the planet Uranus (1781), two of its satellites, and two of the satellites of Saturn. He also discovered the motions of binary stars

Her•schel

(ˈhɜr ʃəl, ˈhɛər-)

n.
1. Sir John Frederick William, 1792–1871, English astronomer.
2. his father, Sir William (Friedrich Wilhelm Herschel), 1738–1822, English astronomer, born in Germany.

Her·schel

(hûr′shəl)
Family of British astronomers. Sir William Herschel (1738-1822) discovered Uranus (1781) and cataloged more than 800 binary stars and 2,500 nebulae. His sister Caroline Herschel (1750-1848) discovered 8 comets and several nebulae and star clusters, and published a star catalog in 1798. His son Sir John Frederick William Herschel (1792-1871) discovered 525 nebulae and pioneered celestial photography. See Note at infrared.
Biography Both William and Caroline Herschel began their professional careers as musicians. They were born in Germany and later moved to England, where Caroline became a soprano soloist in performances conducted by her brother. William's background in music theory spurred him to study mathematics and astronomy, and he taught his sister in turn. Each produced a string of important discoveries. William was the first astronomer to study binary stars. His careful observations and his skill at mapping the stars led him to discover the planet Uranus in 1781. It was the first new planet to be discovered since ancient times. He further discovered two satellites of Uranus, Titania and Oberon (1787), and two of Saturn, Mimas and Enceladus (1789-1790). King George III appointed William his Astronomer Royal in 1787, and Caroline was made his assistant. Caroline observed her first comet in 1786 and later discovered seven others, as well as nebulae and star clusters. After her brother's death in 1822, Caroline reorganized and published his catalog of nebulae. She also continued her own observations up to the end of her life.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Herschel - English astronomer (son of William Herschel) who extended the catalogue of stars to the southern hemisphere and did pioneering work in photography (1792-1871)Herschel - English astronomer (son of William Herschel) who extended the catalogue of stars to the southern hemisphere and did pioneering work in photography (1792-1871)
2.Herschel - English astronomer (born in Germany) who discovered infrared light and who catalogued the stars and discovered the planet Uranus (1738-1822)Herschel - English astronomer (born in Germany) who discovered infrared light and who catalogued the stars and discovered the planet Uranus (1738-1822)
References in classic literature ?
But if his eyes were broad as the lens of Herschel's great telescope; and his ears capacious as the porches of cathedrals; would that make him any longer of sight, or sharper of hearing?
*This relates to a book published some years ago in Germany, and said to be by Herschel, which contained a description of the moon and its inhabitants, written with such a semblance of truth that many were deceived by the imposture.
About 1835 a small treatise, translated from the New York American , related how Sir John Herschel, having been despatched to the Cape of Good Hope for the purpose of making there some astronomical calculations, had, by means of a telescope brought to perfection by means of internal lighting, reduced the apparent distance of the moon to eighty yards!
"Yes," replied Barbicane; "Herschel has put forward an opinion, but he did not venture to affirm it."
Herschel remarks, a man experiences although every corporeal sense be fully satisfied.
But that Herschel, for example, who "broke the barriers of the heavens"--did he not once play a provincial church-organ, and give music-lessons to stumbling pianists?
The ship was delayed near Herschel Island for a few days on each of her journeys past the island.
The meat of the book is taken up with information and descriptions of the Herschel objects from his visual perspective, supplemented by images from the Digital Sky Survey (DSS).
Herschel, often known for its backpacks that blend simplicity and style, has quickly become the quintessential accessory for Canadian students.
Herschel, described in one profile by Slate magazine as a "global phenomenon," has grown in the eight years since its inception to become one of the largest travel brands in the world, producing retro backpacks, totes, duffel bags and accessories to a market of 18-35 year olds.
Continue reading "New Jersey Street Named After Bayonne Beat Poet and Candy Store Owner, Herschel 'Hersch' Silverman" at...
The discovery story you won't read goes back another 150 years, however, to one of the greatest visual astronomers of all time, William Herschel, who detected very faint nebulosity across large areas of the sky.