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 (hĕrt′səl), Theodor 1860-1904.
Hungarian-born Austrian founder of Zionism. As a correspondent during the Alfred Dreyfus affair, he concluded that the solution to anti-Semitism was the establishment of a Jewish national state. He founded the Zionist Organization (later, World Zionist Organization) in 1897.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(German ˈhɛrtsəl)
(Biography) Theodor (ˈteːodoːr). 1860–1904, Austrian writer, born in Hungary; founder of the Zionist movement. In The Jewish State (1896), he advocated resettlement of the Jews in a state of their own
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˈhɜrt səl, ˈhɛərt-)

Theodor, 1860–1904, Hungarian-born Austrian Jewish writer and Zionist.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Before his formal studies, he already appeared in a recital in the cello class of professor Barnara Herzl in Salzburg.
Through five biographical chapters, Shumsky shows that from the late 19th century and up until World War I, prominent figures such as Leon Pinsker, Theodor Herzl, Ahad Ha'am and David Ben-GurionIsrael's first prime ministerall saw the future Jewish territorial unit in Palestine as a province of sorts within the multinational Ottoman Empire.
A social activist who promoted the education and advancement of youth in Israel, Rona subsequently founded the Ramon Foundation, which "aims to ignite the three essential values which Ilan and Asaf Ramon stood for -- academic excellence, social leadership and groundbreaking courage." In 2016, she was among the torchbearers at the annual Independence Day ceremony on Mount Herzl in Jerusalem.
LAST February, Black Cube, an extension of Israeli intelligence agency Mossad, shifted to luxurious Bank Discount Tower on Yehuda HaLevy Street and Herzl Boulevard in Tel Aviv.
For modern Israel is, as the introduction reminds us, an "imagiNation," born out of the Bible and the ideas of late-nineteenth-century thinker and author Theodor Herzl. Herzl's Utopian novel Old New Land (Altneuland, 1902) was the first step in making Israel, once again, a homeland for the Jewish people.
He does not relegate to the dusty past the passions and visions of Zionist forefathers such as Theodor Herzl or Vladimir Ze'ev Jabotinsky, or early Israeli leaders such as Chaim Weizmann or David Ben-Gurion or scores of others who struggled to conceive of a Jewish homeland of refuge and fulfillment.
His subjects, Leopold von Sacher-Moser (1836-1895), Lazar von Hellenbach (1827-1887), Theodor Hertzka (1845-1924), Theodor Herzl (1860-1904), Robert Muller (1887-1924), and Joseph Roth (1894-1939), belonged to a bourgeois liberal milieu which, according to the historian Carl Schorske, was especially aggrieved by the cultural shifts within Austrian society at the turn of the century.
But Herzl's embrace of Jewish nationhood ran counter to the left-wing rejection of nationalism and religion as societal evils.
The author explores 18 classics of Jewish literature to illustrate Jewish thought and experience over a period of 2,500 years: the books of Deuteronomy and Esther, The Exposition of Laws by Philo of Alexandria, The Jewish War by Flavius Josephus, Pirkei Avot, the Itinerary of Benjamin of Tudela, the Kuzari by Yehuda Halevi, The Guide of the Perplexed by Moses Maimonides, the Zohar, the Tsenerene and the Memoirs of GlEckel of Hameln, Theological-Political Treatise by Baruch Spinoza, the Autobiography of Solomon Maimon, Jerusalem by Moses Mendelssohn, the Tales of Nachman of Bratslav, The Jewish State and Old New Land by Theodor Herzl, and Tevye the Dairyman by Sholem Aleichem.
Mr Obama was joined by former US president Bill Clinton and Palestinian president Mahmoud Abbas for the event in Israel's national cemetery, Mount Herzl, in Jerusalem.
Mrs May will join dignitaries including Prince Charles, Pope Francis and UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon for tomorrow's funeral at Mount Herzl, Israel's national cemetery in Jerusalem.