Hesiod

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He·si·od

 (hē′sē-əd, hĕs′ē-) fl. eighth century bc.
Greek poet. The major epics ascribed to him are Works and Days, a valuable account of ancient rural life, and Theogony, a description of the gods and the beginning of the world.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

Hesiod

(ˈhɛsɪˌɒd)
n
(Biography) 8th century bc, Greek poet and the earliest author of didactic verse. His two complete extant works are the Works and Days, dealing with the agricultural seasons, and the Theogony, concerning the origin of the world and the genealogies of the gods
ˌHesiˈodic adj
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

He•si•od

(ˈhi si əd, ˈhɛs i-)

n.
fl. 8th century B.C., Greek poet.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Noun1.Hesiod - Greek poet whose existing works describe rural life and the genealogies of the gods and the beginning of the world (eighth century BC)
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The Hesiodic poems fall into two groups according as they are didactic (technical or gnomic) or genealogical: the first group centres round the "Works and Days", the second round the "Theogony".
Of the Hesiodic poems similar in character to the "Works and Days", only the scantiest fragments survive.
It is highly probable that these poems were interpolations into the "Catalogues" expanded by later poets from more summary notices in the genuine Hesiodic work and subsequently detached from their contexts and treated as independent.
Nothing shows more clearly the collapse of the principles of the Hesiodic school than this ultimate servile dependence upon Homeric models.
They cover Homeric exegesis in antiquity, Homeric and Hesiodic exegesis in Byzantine manuscripts and texts, Pindar between scholia and lexica, and Aeschylus in the exegetical tradition.
For instance, in his chronicle De Novo Orbe, which included a series of reports or narratives called "Decas" [Decades], describing the trans-Atlantic explorations of Columbus and other Spanish explorers, the Italian-born Spanish historian and humanist Peter Martyr d'Anghiera described the natives of Hispaniola in the way that not only pointed to Columbus's own accounts but also brought to the fore a social and political meaning with Hesiodic or mythical allusions:
The presentation here proceeds accordingly with an overview of Hesiodic theogony (sections 2-4) as a possible influence on the patterns of transition from polytheism to monotheism (sections 5-6), followed by an appraisal of the outcome in elaboration of the input (section 7).
However, he completely ignores my earlier treatment of this episode in Genesis and its very close comparison with the Hesiodic Catalogue of Women (Van Seters, Prologue to History [Louisville, 1992]: 149-58), which would support a much earlier date for the Genesis story and would seriously undermine the entire argument of this chapter.
I suggest that the Book 18 and 20 episodes, which are linked by Penelope's repeated prayer to Artemis for death, both evoke the Hesiodic myth of Pandora.
(17.) Something similar happens in the Hesiodic "Catalogue of Women," where women are defined by the sons they gave birth.
As with Thales, Anaximander's claim to have unproblematic access to a unified [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] of all things necessitates a denial of this Hesiodic distinction, so that--again, as with Thales--divine providence gives way to human.