Hessian fly


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Hessian fly

n.
A gall midge (Mayetiola destructor) having larvae that damage wheat and other grain plants. It was believed to have been brought to North America by Hessian troops during the American Revolution.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

Hessian fly

n
(Animals) a small dipterous fly, Mayetiola destructor, whose larvae damage wheat, barley, and rye: family Cecidomyidae (gall midges)
[C18: so called because it was thought to have been introduced into America by Hessian soldiers]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

Hes′sian fly′


n.
a small fly, Mayetiola (or Phytophaga) destructor, the larvae of which feed on the stems of wheat and other grasses.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Hessian fly - small fly whose larvae damage wheat and other grainsHessian fly - small fly whose larvae damage wheat and other grains
gall gnat, gall midge, gallfly - fragile mosquito-like flies that produce galls on plants
genus Mayetiola, Mayetiola - a genus of Cecidomyidae
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Smith's Gold features excellent yield potential with strong greenbug and Hessian fly resistance, as well as protection against stripe rust earlier in the spring.
Scientists around the world are searching for ways to combat the Hessian fly (Mayetiola destructor), a significant insect pest in cereal crops like wheat, barley, and rye.
Mating behavior and evidence of a female sex pheromone in the Hessian fly, Mayetiola destructor (Say) (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae).
Avoid varieties esteemed poor" for Hessian fly biotype-L particularly if establishing will be early or even on time.
The Hessian fly can be a serious threat to fall-planted grains, especially wheat planted in early fall.
The Hessian fly is another small fly that has caused millions of dollars of damage to U.S.
Other studies have failed to demonstrate that female oviposition behavior optimizes the fitness of hatching offspring; Hessian fly (Mayetiola destructor (Say)) revealed that females fail to choose optimal plant hosts for oviposition and larval feeding despite a complete lack of larval dispersion (Harris et al., 2001), and parasitoid wasp females (Aphidius ervi Haliday) likewise choose sub-optimal aphid hosts for oviposition and larval feeding (Henry et al., 2005).
In North Africa, the genus Mayetiola includes two phytophagous species, namely the Hessian fly Mayetiola destructor (Say, 1817) and the barley stem gall midge Mayetiola hordei (Kieffer, 1909) (Gagne et al.
Wollenhaupt considered his charge for a few hours and returned with a list of uniquely monikered pests ranging from the velvetbean caterpillar to the Hessian fly to the blister beetle.
Instead, the researchers found that a specific protein (HFR-3), one of a group of substances called lectins, is capable of binding with a carbohydrate complex in the Hessian fly larvae.
tritici), and partial resistance to the Hessian fly [Mayetiola destructor (Say)].