Twitter provides a heterarchical
space for all these types of organizations; nevertheless, the majority of activity on the platform derives from the operations of nonmainstream organizations (Dogu, 2017).
Is it hierarchical (22) or heterarchical
? (23) Is the EU's peacekeeping policy supported (or indeed blocked) (24) by a specific type of actor (the military or the Commission, for example) or by a coalition of actors that is located at the intersection of different professional groups?
organisation with heterarchical
structures such as Comitology and OMC
Cooperation and consensus are often crucial to heterarchical
systems, as people invest in cooperative (rather than competitive) relationships to achieve common goals (DeMarrais 2016).
The peculiarities of a heterarchical
world order consist, inter alia, in the horizontal generation and implementation of norms and rules--which is not bound to a vertical, top-down policy process".
Siarry, "A new ant colony algorithm using the heterarchical
concept aimed at optimization of multiminima continuous functions," in Proceedings of the Third International Workshop on Ant Algorithms (ANTS2002), M.
interaction of the national, international, and
In this regard, Ali Kazancigil observes that: "Governance (for the countries of the North) seemed to be able to give satisfying results in situations where the hierarchical dimension is weak and the heterarchical
dimension strong with multiple partners with different statuses : public and private, or belonging to different jurisdictions and countries".
reinforcement-learning model for integration of multiple cortico-striatal loops: fMRI examination in stimulus-action-reward association learning," Neural Networks}, vol.
DST goes beyond the hierarchical relationships established by GTS to encompass heterarchical
Stark (2009) argues that 'heterarchical
' arrangements may be put in place, in which multiple and competing principles and criteria of evaluation are regularly allowed to confront each other, to challenge the status quo, and to produce novel interpretations of opportunities and resources.
Chureekamol Onsuwan Eyre's study of hierarchical and heterarchical
social systems in the eastern Chao Phraya Valley included Chansen as one of the twenty-five sites she surveyed in an area of 255 ha.