heterarchy

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heterarchy

(ˈhɛtərɑːkɪ)
n
(Logic) linguistics a formal structure, usually represented by a diagram of connected nodes, without any single permanent uppermost node. Compare hierarchy5, tree6
[from Greek heteros other, different + archē sovereignty]
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The same internal threats to our movements--tendencies, for instance, for thought to reify into dogma, practices into rules, and heterarchies into bureaucracies--will arise again and again, thus requiring constant vigilance.
Instead, heterarchies have multiple centres and consist of heterogeneous multiple elements that are co-functioning through multiple relations (Ball, 2009).
Rapidly crossing gender and generational boundaries, they are shifting power from traditional hierarchies to networked heterarchies".
SPELTHANN, V>lker & HAUNSCHILD, Axel (2011): "Organizational Creativity in Heterarchies: The Case of VFX production".
Heterarchies are characterized by interdependent relationships, dense information nets, and distribution of decision-making power.
Heterarchies can be seedbeds of contagion-of ineptness, of disease and of fraud as we have witnessed in the unintended consequences of ENRON, AIDS and the radioactive diffusion of distrust in the 2008 global financial meltdown.
Rather, they are more like heterarchies where leadership shifts according to who has the relevant knowledge at a particular point in the cycle of creation.
These three perspectives are used to provide insight into communication functions and structure, organizational culture, group relations, leadership, and new forms of organizing such as lattices and heterarchies. The book includes classic and current research in organizational communication complemented by comments from corporate leaders, along with descriptions of communication in different types of organizations, including General Motors, Wal-Mart, Grameen Bank, and an Appalachian homeless shelter.
Action in heterarchies: New approaches to managing the MNC.
Wolpe overturns all of these common assumptions about musical form to predicate his form-sense on simultaneity rather than succession, associative heterarchies rather than hierarchy, and fortuitous coincidence or juxtaposition rather than teleology.