Instead of the destructive paradigm we live in now, human survival demands an alternative model of human interaction based on cooperation, heterarchy
(nonhierarchy), and harmonious relations with the natural world.
The hypermodern MNC: a heterarchy
? Human Resource Management, 25, 9-36.
As a result, the past exists for the present not as a single monolithic block but rather as a vast "heterarchy
" of potentialities for integration: many diverse and complexly overlapping kinds of relational identity, each of which constitutes a hierarchy that presents distinctive integrative possibilities.
. They operate within a framework of a semi hierarchy and can
is an organization system in which the elements of the organization are irregular (non-hierarchical) or possess the potential to be classified in several different ways.
Siarry, "Continuous interacting ant colony algorithm based on dense heterarchy
," Future Generation Computer Systems, vol.
(10) En sentido similar, se reproduce aqui la descripcion pertinente hecha por Volker Rittberger (2008, 16): "The concept of heterarchy
is meant to describe the existence of an increasingly dense network of institutions of global governance, created and maintained by public and private actors, and aimed at the rules-based collective management of transovereign problems through horizontal policy coordination and cooperation where different groups of actors (States, intergovernmental organizations, civil society organizations, transnational corporations/private sector actors) are sensitive to each other's values and interests and dependent on one another to achieve collective goals.
Power differences associated with status are not necessarily organized hierarchically; heterarchy
, or horizontal power differentiation, is another common way of organizing complex communities (Crumley 1987, 2007; Klaus et al.
In reality the brain is a tangled mess of agents operating on many different levels, often simultaneously; in Hofstadter's phrase, it's a heterarchy
rather than a hierarchy.
Paul, "The riddle of heterarchy
: Power transitions in crossfunctional teams", Acad.
Flat leadership and heterarchy
, where leaders operate in strategic alliances rather than top-down command-and-control, is the new world of business (Stark, 2009).
With the proliferation may emerge a broader diversity of criteria of evaluation and a greater diversity of intellectual output, a heterarchy