Hickory shad

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Related to Hickory shad: River herring, Gizzard shad
(Zool.) The mattowacca, or fall herring.
The gizzard shad.
the mattowacca.

See also: Hickory, Hickory, Shad

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary, published 1913 by G. & C. Merriam Co.
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Abstract--Our study goal was to characterize the demographics of the population of Hickory Shad (Alosa mediocris) in the Albemarle Sound-Roanoke River watershed during a period of population increase and to assess its susceptibility to harvest.
Hickory Shad (Alosa mediocris) is 1 of 4 anadromous Alosa species native to the East Coast of North America.
True to the show's heritage, there will be plenty of bass fishing but this season will also feature catfish and hickory shad fishing in Virginia...
Hickory Shad Alosa mediocris--Silvery, with a dark grayish-green back, hickory shad have a prominent lower jaw that juts out.
One of their primary concerns regarding the health of the river was the decline of migratory fish stocks, such as American shad, hickory shad, blueback herring, and striped bass that were once so plentiful in the Chesapeake Bay watershed.
Anadromous fish that are benefitting as a result are alewife (Alosa pseudoharengus), American shad (Alosa sapidissima), hickory shad (Alosa mediocris), Atlantic sturgeon (Acipenser oxyrhynchus), striped bass (Morone saxatilis), and an endangered species, the shormose sturgeon (Acipenser brevirostrum).
Tearing down the dam opened up 75 miles of the stream and 900 miles of tributaries to striped bass, American shad, hickory shad, and short-nosed sturgeon, which have been unable to spawn in the Neuse for 45 years.
In reaching that sobering conclusion, the report cited a number of regional declines, including the disappearance of two-thirds of all fish species in the Illinois River and 96 percent of the hickory shad in the Chesapeake Bay.
Freshwater no./ Species Freq tow SE Anguilla rostrata (American eel) 0.01 0.01 0.01 Anchoa mitchilli (bay anchovy) 0.01 0.01 0.01 Alosa aestiualis (blueback herring) 0.14 0.52 0.20 Alosa mediocris (hickory shad) 0.07 0.09 0.04 Alosa sapidissima (American shad) 0.10 0.13 0.05 Alosa pseudoharengus (alewife) 0.73 28.84 10.46 Dorosoma cepedianum (gizzard shad) 0.59 14.39 4.82 Notropis hudsonius (spottail shiner) 0.04 0.06 0.03 Etheostoma spp.
Only one alosine, a hickory shad (2006), was found in the samples (2.7% biomass, 0.1% number).
Year 1994 Fish Scientific name % B % N American eel Anguilla rostrata American shad Alosa sapidissima Atlantic croaker Micropogonias undulatus Atlantic herring Clupea harengus Atlantic menhaden Brevoortia tyrannus 38.8 10.6 Bay anchovy Anchoa mitchilli 34.3 55.2 Blueback herring Alosa aestivalis 3.1 6.1 Butterfish Peprilus triacanthus Hickory shad Alosa mediocris Round herring Etrumeus teres Sciaenid sp.
American shad and hickory shad. In Habitat requirements for Chesapeake Bay living resources (S.