In sections on Assyria, northern and central Levant, and southern Levant, they consider such topics as the limits of historical geography: reconstructing Aramaean territories in the west according to the neo-Assyrian written sources, the Tell Fekheriye inscription and the western Assyrian border during the late ninth century BCE, Aramaean borders: the hieroglyphic Luwian
evidence, the borders and exchanges between Aram and Phoenicia in the ninth-to-eighth centuries BCE in Anatolia and Syria, Biblical <,S>obah: a location attempt, and the boundary between the Aramaean Kingdom of Damascus and the Kingdom of Israel.
Two inscribed monuments carved in Hieroglyphic Luwian
, the ancient language of the Hittites, found near Hama in Syria more than 50 years ago, provide a description of Kupapiyas, the only named female known from this region in the early part of the first millennium BCE.
: An Introduction with Original Texts, 3rd Revised Edition.
Not only are the genre of the inscription and the type of object unparalleled in the Hieroglyphic Luwian
corpus, but the casts of the eight sides of the prism turned up in a box at the British Museum labeled "Potoroo skull Tasmanian rat-kangaroo Potorous Tridactylus"!
is a variant of the Luwian language belonging to the Anatolian branch of the Indo-European language family from the 17th to 13th century.
A lengthy Hieroglyphic Luwian
inscription, carved in raised relief across its back, records the campaigns and accomplishments of Suppiluliuma, likely the same Patinean king who faced a Neo-Assyrian onslaught of Shalmaneser III as part of a Syrian-Hittite coalition in 858 BC.
After the collapse of the Late Bronze Age Hittite kingdom in the early twelfth century B.C., a number of smaller kingdoms formed in its former territories in southeastern Anatolia and northern Syria that carried on the royal Hittite traditions of architectural sculpture and monumental inscriptions written in Hieroglyphic Luwian
. These Iron Age states of the twelfth to eighth centuries B.C.
Morphosyntax of the Noun Phrase in Hieroglyphic Luwian
Several divine figures of Chamber A, some of which are accompanied by a hieroglyphic Luwian
label, remain to be identified, uncertainty arising mostly due to erosion and damage.
Annick Payne discusses all that we know about scribes and stone masons producing texts in hieroglyphic Luwian
. However, I must take issue with the old ethnocentric canard: "an increase in literacy levels ...with the advent of a simpler, alphabetic writing system." The Chinese writing system is far more complex than hieroglyphic Luwian
Included is the extensive citation of Anatolian comparanda (Palaic, Lydian, Cuneiform Luwian, Hieroglyphic Luwian
, and Lycian) on p.
The author's methodology is straightforward: in separate sections for Mu[section]ku and for Phrygia she presents the relevant passages--Akkadian, Urartian, Hittite, Hieroglyphic Luwian
, Phoenician, Greek.