Also found in: Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to Hinayana: Vajrayana


Offensive Theravada Buddhism.

[Sanskrit Hīnayānam, lesser vehicle (as contrasted with Mahāyānam, greater vehicle; see Mahayana) : hīna-, inferior; see ghē- in Indo-European roots + yānam, vehicle, way; see ei- in Indo-European roots.]

Hi′na·ya′nist n.
Hi′na·ya·nis′tic (-yä-nĭs′tĭk) adj.


a. any of various early forms of Buddhism
b. (as modifier): Hinayana Buddhism.
[from Sanskrit hīnayāna, from hīna lesser + yāna vehicle]
ˌHinaˈyanist n
ˌHinayaˈnistic adj


(ˌhi nəˈyɑ nə)

[1865–70; < Skt, =hīna lesser, inferior + yāna vehicle]
Hi`na•ya′nist, n.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Hinayana - a major school of Buddhism teaching personal salvation through one's own efforts
Buddhism - a religion represented by the many groups (especially in Asia) that profess various forms of the Buddhist doctrine and that venerate Buddha
Hinayanist - an adherent of Hinayana Buddhism
2.Hinayana - an offensive name for the early conservative Theravada Buddhism; it died out in India but survived in Sri Lanka and was taken from there to other regions of southwestern Asia
Theravada, Theravada Buddhism - one of two great schools of Buddhist doctrine emphasizing personal salvation through your own efforts; a conservative form of Buddhism that adheres to Pali scriptures and the non-theistic ideal of self purification to nirvana; the dominant religion of Sri Lanka (Ceylon) and Myanmar (Burma) and Thailand and Laos and Cambodia
References in periodicals archive ?
But, very sadly, even within the same religion there are divisions: Sunnis and Shias in West Asia; various sects and castes in Hinduism; Mahayana and Hinayana traditions in Buddhism.
As Huntingdon notes (1989: 18), Nagarjuna's work was in part concerned with moving away from the more abstract work of Hinayana Buddhism.
Pali Literature: Including the Canonical Literature in Prakrit and Sanskrit of all the Hinayana Schools of Buddhism.
En tanto, hay que saber que el budismo zen es una forma de espiritualidad cultivada originalmente en China, con una orientacion meditativa y engarzada en la corriente Mahayana o del "gran vehiculo", es decir, que busca la redencion de todos los seres vivos; a diferencia de la vertiente Hinayana o "del pequeno vehiculo", que busca solo la perfeccion individual.
Fue erigido durante el imperio Khmer, en el siglo XI, en honor del dios Shiva, y a partir del siglo XIII fue retomado por el budismo Theravada, version del budismo Hinayana que representa una de las expresiones mas antiguas de esa religion.
El budismo birmano pertenece a la corriente hinayana ('pequeno vehiculo'), concretamente a la escuela theravada (de thera, 'profesor'), considerada la mas antigua del budismo y la mas cercana a las ensenanzas de Buda.
(1) In Sanskrit it literally means "doctrine which states that everything is"--a school separate from the Hinayana tradition, whose main thesis is that everything--past, present and future--exists simultaneously.
To the consternation of some Christian critics, Babbitt wrote admiringly of elements of Buddhism, especially of the Hinayana (Small Vehicle) variety.
This is industrial-strength scholarship: weighing over five pounds, the heart of which is 1,065 pages of double-columned tiny print, The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism may well be best of the dozens of such reference guides now available--but mainly for scholars, teachers, and serious students, not the casual fan of Eastern religions, the sort of person who might throw around the word "Hinayana," not realizing that it's a pejorative, not to say propagandist, term coined by the Mahayana tradition.
A partir del siglo XI se derivo en el Zenismo o Budismo Zen (9) que denuncia el egoismo del hinayana y prioriza el intuicionismo y el misticismo.
are centres of Mahayana Buddhism, while Tezu, Namsai and Lohit have got several Hinayana Buddhism centres." Since more needs to be done to get investment into the state, Beda said they are creating a land bank for leading hoteliers to develop properties in the state.
Pali Literature, Including the Canonical Literature in Prakrit and Sanskrit of all the Hinayana Schools of Buddhism.