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Variant of Hinduism.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Hin•du•ism(ˈhɪn duˌɪz əm)
the common religion of India, based upon the religion of the original Aryan settlers as expounded and evolved in the Vedas, Upanishads, Bhagavad-Gita, etc.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
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|Noun||1.||Hindooism - the religion of most people in India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, and Nepal|
organized religion, religion, faith - an institution to express belief in a divine power; "he was raised in the Baptist religion"; "a member of his own faith contradicted him"
International Society for Krishna Consciousness, ISKCON, Hare Krishna - a religious sect founded in the United States in 1966; based on Vedic scriptures; groups engage in joyful chanting of `Hare Krishna' and other mantras based on the name of the Hindu god Krishna; devotees usually wear saffron robes and practice vegetarianism and celibacy
Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, Sri Lanka, Ceylon - a republic on the island of Ceylon; became independent of the United Kingdom in 1948
Bangla Desh, Bangladesh, East Pakistan, People's Republic of Bangladesh - a Muslim republic in southern Asia bordered by India to the north and west and east and the Bay of Bengal to the south; formerly part of India and then part of Pakistan; it achieved independence in 1971
Bharat, India, Republic of India - a republic in the Asian subcontinent in southern Asia; second most populous country in the world; achieved independence from the United Kingdom in 1947
Kingdom of Nepal, Nepal - a small landlocked Asian country high in the Himalayas between India and China
|2.||Hindooism - a body of religious and philosophical beliefs and cultural practices native to India and based on a caste system; it is characterized by a belief in reincarnation, by a belief in a supreme being of many forms and natures, by the view that opposing theories are aspects of one eternal truth, and by a desire for liberation from earthly evils|
bhakti - (Hinduism) loving devotion to a deity leading to salvation and nirvana; open to all persons independent of caste or sex
mandala - any of various geometric designs (usually circular) symbolizing the universe; used chiefly in Hinduism and Buddhism as an aid to meditation
asana - (Hinduism) a posture or manner of sitting (as in the practice of yoga)
matsyendra - (Hinduism) a religious posture
faith, religion, religious belief - a strong belief in a supernatural power or powers that control human destiny; "he lost his faith but not his morality"
Darsana - (from the Sanskrit word for `to see') one of six orthodox philosophical systems or viewpoints on the nature of reality and the release from bondage to karma
Mimamsa - (from the Sanskrit word for `reflection' or `interpretation') one of six orthodox philosophical systems or viewpoints on ritual traditions rooted in the Vedas and the Brahmanas as opposed to Vedanta which relies mostly on the Upanishads
Vedanta - (from the Sanskrit for `end of the Veda') one of six orthodox philosophical systems or viewpoints rooted in the Upanishads as opposed to Mimamsa which relies on the Vedas and Brahmanas
Krishnaism - worship of Krishna the 8th avatar of Vishnu
Vishnuism, Vaishnavism, Vaisnavism - worship of Vishnu one of the 3 chief gods of the Hindu pantheon
yoga - Hindu discipline aimed at training the consciousness for a state of perfect spiritual insight and tranquility that is achieved through the three paths of actions and knowledge and devotion
Vedism - the form of Hinduism that revolves primarily around the mythic version and ritual ideologies in the Vedas
Bhagavadgita, Bhagavad-Gita, Gita - (Hinduism) the sacred `song of God' composed about 200 BC and incorporated into the Mahabharata (a Sanskrit epic); contains a discussion between Krishna and the Indian hero Arjuna on human nature and the purpose of life
Mahabharata, Mahabharatam, Mahabharatum - (Hinduism) a sacred epic Sanskrit poem of India dealing in many episodes with the struggle between two rival families
Veda, Vedic literature - (from the Sanskrit word for `knowledge') any of the most ancient sacred writings of Hinduism written in early Sanskrit; traditionally believed to comprise the Samhitas, the Brahmanas, the Aranyakas, and the Upanishads
Ayurveda - (Sanskrit) an ancient medical treatise summarizing the Hindu art of healing and prolonging life; sometimes regarded as a 5th Veda
mantra - (Sanskrit) literally a `sacred utterance' in Vedism; one of a collection of orally transmitted poetic hymns
ahimsa - a Buddhist and Hindu and especially Jainist doctrine holding that all forms of life are sacred and urging the avoidance of violence
Sanskrit, Sanskritic language - (Hinduism) an ancient language of India (the language of the Vedas and of Hinduism); an official language of India although it is now used only for religious purposes
cycle of rebirth - (Hinduism) repeated rebirth in new forms
moksa - (Hinduism) release from the cycle of rebirth
karma - (Hinduism and Buddhism) the effects of a person's actions that determine his destiny in his next incarnation
samsara - (Hinduism and Buddhism) the endless cycle of birth and suffering and death and rebirth
caste - (Hinduism) a hereditary social class among Hindus; stratified according to ritual purity
jati - (Hinduism) a Hindu caste or distinctive social group of which there are thousands throughout India; a special characteristic is often the exclusive occupation of its male members (such as barber or potter)
varna - (Hinduism) the name for the original social division of Vedic people into four groups (which are subdivided into thousands of jatis)
Arjuna - (Hindu mythology) the warrior prince in the Bhagavad-Gita to whom Krishna explains the nature of being and of God and how humans can come to know God
Hindu deity - a deity worshipped by the Hindus
Bengali - (Hinduism) a member of a people living in Bangladesh and West Bengal (mainly Hindus)
guru - a Hindu or Buddhist religious leader and spiritual teacher
mahatma - (Hinduism) term of respect for a brahmin sage
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.