(redirected from Hispanola)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Encyclopedia.


An island of the West Indies east of Cuba. Originally inhabited by Arawak Indians, it was claimed by Christopher Columbus for Spain in 1492. The western part (now Haiti) was ceded to France by Spain in 1697. The Dominican Republic, on the eastern part of the island, was formed in 1844.


(ˌhɪspənˈjəʊlə; Spanish ispaˈɲola)
(Placename) the second largest island in the Caribbean, in the Greater Antilles: divided politically into Haiti and the Dominican Republic; discovered in 1492 by Christopher Columbus, who named it La Isla Española. Area: 18 703 sq km (29 418 sq miles). Former name: Santo Domingo


(ˌhɪs pənˈyoʊ lə)

an island in the West Indies, comprising Haiti and the Dominican Republic. 30,285 sq. mi. (78,460 sq. km).
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Hispaniola - an island in the West IndiesHispaniola - an island in the West Indies  
Greater Antilles - a group of islands in the western West Indies
Haiti, Republic of Haiti - a republic in the West Indies on the western part of the island of Hispaniola; achieved independence from France in 1804; the poorest and most illiterate nation in the western hemisphere
Dominican Republic - a republic in the West Indies; located on the eastern two-thirds of the island of Hispaniola
References in periodicals archive ?
Hurricane Irma lashed the Caribbean island of Hispanola Thursday, bringing high-speed winds and violent rain to the Dominican Republic and Haiti.
The country's sharing of the island of Hispanola with Haiti has historically made it a key part of the international response to ongoing humanitarian crises in the latter, obliging the Dominican Republic to shoulder a disproportionate portion of the spillover effects, including support for Haitian refugees.
So begins the history of Christian mission in the Western hemisphere, on the island of Hispanola where I now live and serve.
Emergence of Shiga toxin 1 genes within Shigella dysenteriae type 4 isolates from travelers returning from the Island of Hispanola.
For Columbus the breeze in Hispanola is like spring in Andalucia, Bernal Diaz and Cortes both refer to the Aztec temples as "mezquitas" (mosques).
Se tiene igualmente su mencion de cuando Colon llego en 1492 a la isla La Hispanola (hoy Republica Dominicana).
Haiti was seen increasingly as a benighted, terrible place, in part also because of the collective racism of the white-dominated nations that surrounded it, including Cuba, the US and the Dominican Republic, which occupies the other side of the island of Hispanola
More convincing is the argument that Rosalind represents the island of Hispanola, giving birth to "marassa," twins who represent the Dominican Republic and Haiti, though it is the latter of the two which survives.