HIV

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HIV

 (āch′ī-vē′)
n.
A retrovirus of the genus Lentivirus that causes AIDS by infecting helper T cells of the immune system. The most common serotype, HIV-1, is distributed worldwide, while HIV-2 is primarily confined to West Africa.

[h(uman) i(mmunodeficiency) v(irus).]

HIV

abbreviation for
(Pathology) human immunodeficiency virus; the cause of AIDS. Two strains have been identified: HIV-1 and HIV-2

HIV


n.
a variable retrovirus that invades and inactivates helper T cells of the immune system and is the cause of AIDS.
[1985–90; h(uman) i(mmunodeficiency) v(irus)]

HIV

(āch′ī-vē′)
Short for human immunodeficiency virus. The virus that causes AIDS by infecting the body's immune system.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.HIV - infection by the human immunodeficiency virusHIV - infection by the human immunodeficiency virus
viral infection, virus infection - infection by a virus that is pathogenic to humans
2.HIV - the virus that causes acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS); it replicates in and kills the helper T cells
retrovirus - any of a group of viruses that contain two single-strand linear RNA molecules per virion and reverse transcriptase (RNA to DNA); the virus transcribes its RNA into a cDNA provirus that is then incorporated into the host cell
Translations
فيروس فقدان المناعه: الأيدْز
HIV
hiv
HIVHI-virus
HIV-vírus
ŽIV
UKIMWIvirus vinavyosababishaVVU

HIV

A. N ABBR =human immunodeficiency virusVIH m
HIV positive/negativeVIH positivo/negativo
B. CPD HIV virus Nvirus m VIH

HIV

[ˌeɪtʃaɪˈviː] (=human immunodeficiency virus)
nVIH m, HIV m
modif [infection] → par le VIH; [test, testing] → pour le VIH
the HIV virus → le virus VIH HIV-negative, HIV-positive

HIV

abbr of human immunodeficiency virusHIV nt; HIV positive/negativeHIV-positiv/-negativ

HIV

[ˌeɪtʃaɪˈviː] n abbr =human immunodeficiency virusHIV m inv

HIV

(ˌeitʃ ai ˈviː) abbreviation
human immunodeficiency virus; a virus that causes AIDS.

HIV

abbr human immunodeficiency virus. V. virus.
References in periodicals archive ?
Of the 15 people receiving 40 micrograms of gp160, six showed an antibody response to gp160 within two months after injection, as detected by blood tests for HIV antibodies. Fauci says he suspects that "a considerably larger percentage will respond to the 80 micrograms" and that four times that amount may eventually be used.
They report in March 3 NEW ENGLAND JOURNAL OF MEDICINE that, based on averages from the newborn screening program, 1 of every 476 Massachusetts women (2.1 per 1,000) giving birth has HIV antibodies. The highest prevalence was found in inner-city hospitals (8 per 1,000), the lowest in rural areas (1 per 1,000).
AIDS vaccine researchers are concernedabout many other issues, including how and when testing in children might be conducted, how vaccines developed in the United States would be tested or distributed in other countries and the need to give trial participants a certificate assuring insurance companies and employers that their HIV antibodies are due to a vaccine and not to exposure to the virus.
If there are HIV antibodies in the blood, they'll stick to the virus.
The Mylan HIV Self Test detects the presence or absence of HIV antibodies through a fingerstick.
He declared 'what kills a person living with HIV includes the initial shock of testing positive to HIV antibodies; poverty Ignorance; self-stigma; lack of access to proper, regular and affordable medical care and abandonment and isolation.'
Western blot testing method is preferred in detection on HIV as it is greatly accurate in finding HIV antibodies in the blood of patients as compared with other testing techniques like ELISA.
It uses blood from a finger prick sample to detect the presence of HIV antibodies with a result in 15 minutes.
It uses a small amount of blood from a finger prick sample to detect the presence of HIV antibodies and offers a result in just 15 minutes.
After discontinuation of ART, the virus rebounded in the blood of all monkeys that neither received HIV antibodies or immune stimulant after a median of 21 days.
Ueberheide et al., "Sequence and structural convergence of broad and potent HIV antibodies that mimic CD4 binding," Science, vol.
The Rapid 1-2-3 Hema HIV Express, designed for quick and reliable point-of-care testing with minimal procedural steps, is performed by drawing a single drop of blood, procured by a simple finger stick, onto a collection pad which is then fitted with a reagent pod that activates the immunological reaction to determine if HIV antibodies are present or absent.Results are ready within 15-30 minutes and are read visually.