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A nucleoside analog antiviral drug that inhibits the replication of retroviruses such as HIV by interfering with the enzyme reverse transcriptase. Also called ddC.

[zal- (perhaps alteration of (de)s- variant of de- + al(cohol), from the missing hydroxyl groups of cytidine) + -citabine, nucleoside analog antiviral and anticancer drug suff. (from shortening and alteration of cytarabine, an anticancer drug, blend of cytosine arabinoside, compound containing arabinose).]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.zalcitabine - an antiviral drug used to combat HIV infection
antiviral, antiviral agent, antiviral drug - any drug that destroys viruses
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.


n zalcitabina
English-Spanish/Spanish-English Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2006 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
His laboratory played a major role in developing the first 3 agents approved by FDA specifically to treat the AIDS virus, Retrovir, Videx, and HIVID.
As an alternative technique for carcinogenic HPV detection, NGS rapidly developed new techniques like high-throughput viral integration detection (HIVID) and TEN16 methodology breaking the limitation of small sample sizes.
NRTIs include lamivudine (Epivir), Combivir (AZT/3TC) and Hivid (Zalcitabine, ddC).
This analysis also assessed the impact of five individual nucleoside antiretrovirals on development of cardiomyopathy--Retrovir (zidovudine), Videx (didanosine), Zerit (stavudine), Ziagen (abacavir), and Hivid (zalcitabine) (Hivid is no longer used).
FTC, Atripla: TDF + FTC + EFV) Zalcitabine (ddC, Food has little effect Can be taken without Hivid) 0.75 mg on absorption.
Table 1 Common Antiretroviral Drugs (14-16) Classification Generic Name Trade Name Nucleoside reverse Abacavir sulfate Ziagen transcriptase inhibitors Abacavir sulfate + Trizivir (NRTI) lamivudine + zidovudine Didanosine (ddl) Videx, Videx EC Lamivudine (3TC) Epivir Lamiudine + zidovudine Combivir Stavudine (d4T) Zerit Tenofovir disoproxil Viread fumarate Zalcitabine (ddC) Hivid Zidovudine (AZT, ZDV) Retrovir Non-nucleoside reverse Delavirdine mesylate Rescriptor transcriptase inhibitors Efavirenz Sustiva (NNRTI) Nevirapine Viramune Protease inhibitors (PI) Amprenavir Agenerase Indinavir sulfate Crixivan Lopinavir + ritonavir Kaletra Nelfinavir Viracept Ritonavir Norvir Saquinavir Fortovase Saquinavir mesylate Invirase Fusion inhibitors (FI) Enfuvirtide Fuzeon
* Roche announces it will stop making Hivid and Fortovase due to low demand; these are the first anti-HIV meds decommissioned.
NRTIs--Ziagen, Trizivir, Videx, Epivir, 3TC, Combivir, Zerit, d4T, Viread, Hivid, Retrovir, AZT
* Zalcitabine (ddC, Dideoxycytidine, HIVID), Hoffmann-La Roche
The MultiSync HiVid 3500 digital High Light Output (HLO) projector from NEC Technologies offers an exclusive xenon arc lamp system, making it well suited for demanding venues such as auditoriums and lecture halls.