This misunderstanding was most clearly formed in the public mind by the scandals and controversy that centered on the Scarsgill affair, which involved a Cambridge Hobbist
who was forced to publically recant his Hobbism, calling the philosophy "the Accursed Atheism of this age." (14) From this point in the late 1660s on, atheism, libertinism, and immorality--positions not directly argued for in Leviathan, but always suspected by his opponents to be supported by his philosophy--became intimately associated with Hobbes because the public now had a real sordid Hobbist
to hang all their suspicions upon.
David Hume, a key figure in the Scottish Enlightenment and eighteenth-century philosophy, was a "mitigated Hobbist
," as critics have characterized him (Flage 369).
Thus the charge of being a Hobbist
was both an intellectual slight and a social curse.
The suggestion that Hume had a 'Hobbist
plan' might initially appear implausible, but the cumulative evidence provided for it is strong.
It is significant that if one looks to Hobbes himself (rather than to the Hobbesian, or Hobbist
, tradition of political and legal thought), he had very much the same view.
The editor argues that none of the traditional labels attached to Locke - Deist, Unitarian or Hobbist
- really applies.
to collect spirit testimonies against Hobbist
In challenging conjugal tyranny, the Tory Behn joins anti-domestic feminists such as Chudleigh and Astell (and Congreve's Mirabell and Valentine) in turning from Hobbist
absolutism to Locke's liberal contract theory.
Whig state-of-nature arguments similar to Locke's, which emerged during the Exclusion Crisis, were routinely treated as Hobbist
by the Tories; and it was only after 1760 that the differences between them became of general interest.
Yack's Aristotle might be called a "Hobbesian communitarian" because of his paradoxical emphasis on both conflict and community (through this is equivalent to saying that Aristotle is neither a Hobbist
nor a communitarian).
In the case of the book under review, the author's task is to convince his readers that the issue of rationality remains an interesting one even when defined more narrowly and more technically than it was in the grand disputes between Hobbists
and anti-Hobbists, or those between Darwinists and anti-Darwinists.