351), for example, are in keys and ranges ideal for the oboe, but the title page lists violin before the "hoboy
"-- and the flute is added as another possible choice in the second book.
The second print appeared between 1731 and 1732 and bore Walsh's own imprint under the title Solos for a German Flute a Hoboy
or Violin with a Thorough Bass for the Harpsicord [sic] or Bass Violin Compos'd by Mr.
Other instruments mentioned here include a hoboy and 'Sundry Loud Instruments of Musick'.(30)
Expect no Shew upon the Waters more than the accustomed manner of the several Companies in their Barges, with Drums, Trumpets, Hoboyes, etc.
(He adds, however, that |it is preferable that the player have his breath so under control that the unpleasant sound of the lower notes disappears'.)(8) The writer of a treatise attributed to the oboist Johann Christian Fischer (1733-1800) recommended the use of a mute |to soften the sound of the hoboy'.(9) These two comments imply that the oboe could have been muted whenever a softer or gentler sound was required.
Am besten aber ist es, wenn der Meister seinen Hauch so in der Gewalt ist, dass er den tiefen Tonen dadurch ihre Unannehmlichkeit abringt.' (9) New and Complete Instructions for the Oboe or Hoboy (London, c.1773-6), ed.
These statues were attired in cases of gold and silver close to their body, faces, hands and feet, nothing seen but gold and silver, as if they had been solid images of metals, tresses of hair as they had been of metal embossed, girdles and small aprons of oaken leaves, as if they likewise had been carved or moulded out of the metal: at their coming, the music changed from violins to hoboys
, cornets, etc.
986-92) The dumb show in The Two Noble Ladies manuscript is more complex, but only the music receives attention from the bookkeeper, who added the signal for cornet music at the start and deleted the scribe's "Hoboys" (l.
Hoboyes: Enter two Fryers setting out an Altar, | Enter Iago, Alphonso, Gazetto, Malevenso, two Churchmen, Tormiella next and the King, Ladies attending, | Cordolente steales in, and stands in some by place, | the King stayes or sits in a chayre, | Tormiella is brought to him, as she is comming the King meets her; | as the ring is putting on, Cordolente steps in rudely, breakes them off, | Tormiella flyes to his bosome, | the King offers to stab him, is held: | she kneeles, sues, weepes, | Cordolente is thrust out, | Gazetto laughs at all, | they are preparing to it againe, | it Thunders and Lightens: all affrightedly--Exeunt.
Calls for sound--including music, a sennet, cornets, trumpets, hoboys, recorders, drums, an alarum, and thunder--are often found especially at the start, but also during and at the end of a dumb show.
From the mid-1680s, hautboys and flutes are mentioned fairly frequently; for instance, the 1685 river procession contained 'stately Barges ecchoing with the most harmonious Wind-Musick, Flutes, Hoboys, and Trumpets', and flutes, hautboys and trumpets also featured in 1687, 1698, 1699 and 1700, along with 'all manner of Musick'.(33) In 1686 the barges attracted 'all Eyes and Ears with their Ornament and Musick; the stately Barges ecchoing with Flutes and Trumpets'.(34) However, the texts dating from the early 1690s mention only 'Drums beating, Trumpets sounding, Musick playing, etc.'(35) Although some of the descriptions are unspecific in this way, it appears that a variety of instruments were used.
with five others to attend this Company on the next Lord Maiors day w[i]th Hoboyes & Sackbutts'.(36) Sometimes 'loud music' is mentioned; for example, in 1675 Richard Farmer and five others were to attend the Goldsmiths' Company in their barge 'w[i]th loud Musique in Consort', and in 1681 'Vezey' and five other musicians played 'on their loud Musique' in the company's barge.(37) This technical term implied, earlier in the century at least, either hautboys or cornetts, alone or possibly with trumpets.(38) Very unusually, string music is also mentioned in the records of the Goldsmiths' Company.