The existence of Denisovans was announced in 2010, when scientists said that bones fragments found in the Denisova cave in Russia's Siberia was not from Homo sapiens or Homo neanderthalensis
, even though both the species had been known to have inhabited the cave.
When nineteenth-century naturalists were confronted with human fossils that did not fit into the Linnaean genus and species classification system, they concluded that Homo neanderthalensis
was an old and emphatically uncivilized specimen of modern humans.
It is sobering to see our predecessors such as Homo neanderthalensis
, Homo naledi and Homo australopithecus all sharing similar features and characteristics with us, Homo sapiens.
Como ejemplo se senala el aumento del volumen cerebral en los homininos, como el chimpance y el gorila con 400 centimetros cubicos (cc) en promedio; el Homo habilis que vivio hace dos millones de anos, con 640 cc; el Homo erectus de hace un millon de anos, con 855 cc; el Homo neanderthalensis
de hace 400 mil anos con una capacidad craneal de 1 500 cc; y el actual Homo sapiens, con 1 300 cc, es decir menos que el neandertal, pero con una mejor evolucion.
De hecho, segun las nuevas descripciones del Homo neanderthalensis
, no eran muy diferentes a los humanos actuales y menos si van vestidos de traje y corbata.
Europe and the Near East were home to Neanderthals, Homo neanderthalensis
, with whom we would coexist and occasionally interbreed for the following 100,000 years.
Hominids have been classified as Homo habilis, Homo erectus and Homo neanderthalensis
There is also a curious suggestion that the current classification of Neanderthals as a separate species, Homo neanderthalensis
, reflects a 'deep-seated contempt for the primitive' which has found further expression in western attitudes to apes (p.
One of the most stunning revelations of recent genetic anthropology is the finding that Homo sapiens, our ancestors, occasionally bred with Homo neanderthalensis
in Europe or the Middle East some 40,000 to 50,000 years ago.