The test corpus included numbers, homographs
(two or more words spelled the same but not necessarily pronounced the same and having different meanings and origins), words of foreign origin, acronyms, abbreviations, proper names, and addresses.
A useful resource for investigating the relation of similarly spelled words in Shakespeare's early works is the list of homographs
provided by Marvin Spevack in his foundational Shakespeare Concordance.
Another example is the tracing of the distinction between the homographs
128) For the sake of simplicity, I include within homonymy both homophones, words that sound the same but have different written forms and different meanings, and homographs
, words with the same written form but different pronunciations and meanings; see generally Ekaterina Klepousniotou, The Processing of Lexical Ambiguity: Homonymy and Polysemy in the Mental Lexicon, 81 BRAIN & LANGUAGE 205 (2001).
(same spelling but different meaning and pronunciation) are a perfect example.
Unvowelled Arabic texts are orthographically opaque, and include many heterophonic as well as homophonic homographs
You're right that novel is synonymous with new, but this adjective is the newer of the two homographs
, having first appeared in English in the 15th century.
There are two main levels of Arabic ambiguity [10,30]: (1) Homographs
are words that have the same spelling, but different meanings.
In my lectures I highlight the importance of paying attention to both context and co-text, particularly for the disambiguation of homonyms/ homographs
and lexemes that change their meaning according to their concordance.
Caption: Figure 2: Ambiguity caused by homographs
He noted with surprise that he was unable to find any homographic Russian verb forms, nor any homographs
of more than five letters.
All of the dictionaries contain individual words only, and homographs
are explicitly treated by the program through statistical weighting procedures, which are intended to partially correct for the context (Hart 2000).