horizontal gene transfer


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Related to horizontal gene transfer: vertical gene transfer

horizontal gene transfer

n.
The transfer of genetic material from one organism to another by a process other than reproduction, as in the conjugation of bacteria. Also called lateral gene transfer.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Qnr mediated resistance phenotype is generally plasmid mediated therefore highly prone to be transferred to other related pathogens through horizontal gene transfer.4 Nonetheless, such screenings are advisable on routine basis from infection control perspective.
For many, the concept of horizontal gene transfer may be new, but he explains it clearly and in a "breezy, conversational style" (Nature) that makes the pages turn quickly.
Did you know that the reason you can eat it is because your gut microbes acquired a gene (through horizontal gene transfer, or HGT) from marine microbes that were already good at digesting seaweed?
Roberts et al., (2001) and Warburton et al., (2007) improved horizontal gene transfer between oral streptococci in biofilm communities.
Bap-dependent biofilm formation by pathogenic species of Staphylococcus: evidence of horizontal gene transfer? Microbiology.
Although the mecB isolate has been tested susceptible toward several agents of non-[beta]-lactam antibiotic drug classes, the generally increased risk, compared to that of a SCCmec transfer, should be taken into consideration in that a mecB-encoding plasmid will be transmitted through horizontal gene transfer to other staphylococcal strains, even to already multidrug-resistant strains.
Canonically horizontal gene transfer (HGT) is dependent on mobile genetic elements (MGEs) that include plasmids, transposons, bacteriophages, genomic islands, and integrative conjugative elements (ICEs).
This year's review of genetics contains 23 studies of such aspects as witnessing genome evolution: experimental reconstruction of endosymbiotic and horizontal gene transfer, transcriptional regulation in Archaea: from individual genes to global regulatory networks, genetic and structural analysis of RRNPP intercellular peptide signaling of Gram-positive bacteria, combining traditional mutagenesis with new high-throughput sequencing and genome editing to reveal hidden variation in polyploid wheat, and the generation and evolution of neural cell types and circuits: insights from the Drosophila visual system.
(6) Biofilm production has an important role in the pathogenesis of bacterial infections, since this feature allows the permanency of the microorganism by protecting it from the host defense mechanisms and can facilitate horizontal gene transfer, thereby contributing to antimicrobial resistance spreading.
Investigations of gene clusters that are associated with vancomycin resistance and methicillin resistance reported that horizontal gene transfer occurs between prokaryotes [3,4,5].
Ecological Overlap and Horizontal Gene Transfer in Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis.

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