During the drought of 2011, key forage species shared between pronghorn and gemsbok included yucca, prickly pear, globe-mallow and horsenettle
L.), plantain (Plantago spp.), and horsenettle
(Solanum carolinense L.), followed by grassland II that consisted mainly of orchardgrass, timothy, alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.), white and red clover, and forbs including Canada thistle (Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop.), bedstraw (Galium aparine L.), ground ivy, and dock and grassland III that consisted mainly of tall fescue (Schedonorus arundinaceus (Schreb.) Dumort.), orchardgrass, and white and red clover along with the forbs bedstraw, plantain, ragweed (Ambrosia artemisiifolia L.), and smartweed (Polygonum pensylvanicum L.).
Mugwort and horsenettle
are always prepared to fill in any open space.
tristis (prairie -- -- 2.5 willow) * Saponaria officinalis (bouncing bet) -- -- 2.5 Scirpus atrovirens (dark-green 2.5 -- -- bulrush) * Scirpus pendulus (rufous bulrush) * 2.5 -- -- Setaria glauca (yellow foxtail) -- 2.5 2.5 Setaria viridis (green foxtail) -- -- 2.5 Silene latifolia (white campion) -- 2.5 2.5 Silene vulgaris (bladder campion) * -- -- 2.5 Smilacina racemosa (false spikenard) * -- -- -- Smilax hispida (bristly greenbrier) * -- -- -- Smilax rotundifolia (common -- -- -- greenbrier) * Solanum carolinense (horsenettle
) 2.5 2.5 -- Solidago canadensis var.
(Solanum carolinense L.), persimmon (Diospyros virginiana L.), and trumpetcreeper (Campsis radicans L.
Solanum carolinense L.: Horsenettle
; native; June-July; *F36.
The broadleaf weeds present at the 2000 site were hemp doghane (Apocynum cannabinum L.), horsenettle
, prostrate spurge (Euphorbia humistrata Engelm.
The other species in the study, Carolina Horsenettle
, Canada Thistle and Kentucky Bluegrass, showed no effects from visitation.
(silverleaf nightshade, horsenettle
) is a rhizomatous perennial occurring in dry, sterile soils, open woods, and prairies from March to October.
* 2 140 0 0 Section Persicariae Bahama Solanum bahamense nightshade 2 120 0 0 Solanum torvum Sw.
Bermudagrass [Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers.], panicum (Panicum spp.), and purpletop [Tridens flavus (L.) Hitchc.] were common weedy grasses, and horsenettle
(Solanum carolinense L.) was a common weedy forb in the pine alley.
nettle * 2 140 0 0 Solanum Western dimidiatum horsenettle