Then the bay tried me with a second word, much harder to be pronounced; but reducing it to the English orthography, may be spelt thus, HOUYHNHNM
9) Compare Toby's encyclopedic account of war with Gulliver's similarly taxonomic explanation to his master Houyhnhnm
in Book IV of Gulliver's Travels: "I gave him a description of Cannons, Culverins, Muskets, Carabines, Pistols, Bullets, Powder, Swords, Bayonets, Battles, Sieges, Retreats, Attacks, Undermines, Countermines, Bombardments, Sea-fights, Ships sunk with a Thousand men, twenty Thousand killed on each Side, dying Groans, Limbs flying in the Air, Smoke, Noise, Confusion, Trampling to death under Horses' Feet, Flight, Pursuit, Victory; Fields strewed with Carcases, left for Food to Dogs and Wolves and Birds of Prey; Plundering, Stripping, Ravishing, Burning, and Destroying" (Jonathan Swift, Gulliver's Travels [Oxford U.
It is here that a close reader perceives both the inherent familiarity and otherness of the Houyhnhnm
tongue: on the one hand, its resemblance to the whinnying and neighing of the horses he has previously been in contact with give the language an ease of conversion to English that exceeds any language he has met thus far ("The words might with little pains be resolved into an alphabet more easily than the Chinese" (457), he writes); on the other hand, precisely because the language is connected to a species that was at Swift's time popularly used as a contrast with humankind (2), it is positioned as a language of the animal-other, a language that exists in a linguistic sphere outside of the humanoid languages he has encountered.
He did believe that men would be all the better for behaving more rationally, as the sorry picture Gulliver draws of life in his native country amply demonstrates; but the horror of his Houyhnhnm
master at the vices of mankind is no answer, if only because it cannot cope with the evil in man: Gulliver is banished from Houyhnhnmland because it is feared that his "rudiments of reason, added to the natural pravity" of the Yahoos (Part IV, Chapter 10) might drive these to rebel against their masters.
Nor is he a promoter of final solutions by genocidal extermination of the kind contemplated by the Houyhnhnm
Assembly, which he nevertheless does not disavow: "The Question to be debated was, Whether the Yahoos should be exterminated from the Face of the Earth" (IV.
Apparently Swift created HOUYHNHNM
in imitation of the sound of a horse's neigh.
E curioso, ma in qualche misura indicativo, che Gulliver, nel romanzo di Swift, parte per il suo viaggio nel 1699, quando Leibniz pubblica la seconda edizione dei Novissima Sinica, e nel 1715, abbandonata la terra degli Houyhnhnm
a febbraio, a novembre e finalmente di ritorno in Europa, proprio mentre Leibniz inizia a stendere il Discorso sulla teologia naturale dei cinesi.
The breadth of Landry's reading is certainly impressive, and, as one might expect from an professor of English Literature, she offers rich, nuanced and sensitive re-readings of discursive texts such as Swift's Gulliver's Travels, with its satirizing of the equine obsession of the 1720s, centred on his descriptions of the civilized, rational Houyhnhnm
The relative attenuation of moral themes in "El informe de Brodie" sharpens the story's political message, which owes a considerable debt to Swift--principally, to the satire of political institutions in the European nations (see Chapters Six and Seven of Part Two of the Travels), the rhetoric extolling the virtues of civilization and decrying various forms of savagery (Part Four, passim), the indictment of evils of colonization (Chapter Twelve of Part Four), and the coincidental use of the word "Tribe" in Gulliver's conversation with his last Master, a Houyhnhnm
Tan desencantado esta el protagonista con el ser humano, a lo largo de sus experiencias vitales, que decide renegar de su condicion, rechazar a los de su especie y empezar a vivir como un houyhnhnm
Helped to build a vessel by his Houyhnhnm
Master, he leaves his newfound land "quite sunk with Grief," and at last returns home to England (254).
Stubbs's fondness for the exquisitely sensitive 'horse-and-boy' rubbing down subjects--a Houyhnhnm
counterbalance to the Yahoo aspect of his 'horse-and-lion' theme--is beautifully represented by Gimcrack on Newmarket Heath, with a Trainer, a Stable-Lad, and a Jockey, 1765 (Woolavington Collection).