genome

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Related to Human genome: Human Genome Organization

ge·nome

 (jē′nōm′)
n.
1. The total genetic content contained in a haploid set of chromosomes in eukaryotes, in a single chromosome in bacteria or archaea, or in the DNA or RNA of viruses.
2. An organism's genetic material.


ge·no′mic (-nō′mĭk) adj.

genome

(ˈdʒiːnəʊm) or

genom

n
1. (Genetics) the full complement of genetic material within an organism
2. (Biology) all the genes comprising a haploid set of chromosomes
[C20: from German Genom, from Gen gene + (chromos)ome]
genomic adj

ge•nome

(ˈdʒi noʊm)

n.
a full haploid set of chromosomes with all its genes; the total genetic constitution of a cell or organism.
[1925–30; < German]
ge•no′mic, adj.

ge·nome

(jē′nōm)
The total amount of genetic information in the chromosomes of an organism, including its genes and DNA sequences. The genome of eukaryotes is made up of a single, haploid set of chromosomes that is contained in the nucleus of every cell and exists in two copies in the chromosomes of all cells except reproductive cells. The human genome is made up of about 30,000 genes. ♦ The scientific study of genomes is called genomics (jə-nō′mĭks).
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.genome - the ordering of genes in a haploid set of chromosomes of a particular organism; the full DNA sequence of an organism; "the human genome contains approximately three billion chemical base pairs"
ordering, ordination, order - logical or comprehensible arrangement of separate elements; "we shall consider these questions in the inverse order of their presentation"
Translations
genom
genomiperimä
génállománygenom
erfðamengi
ゲノム
genoom
genom
genoma
genom
genom

genome

[ˈdʒiːnəʊm] Ngenoma m

genome

[ˈdʒiːnəʊm] ngénome m

genome

n (Biol) → Genom nt

genom

, genome
n. genoma, el conjunto básico completo de cromosomas haploides en un organismo.

genome

n genoma m; human — genoma humano
References in periodicals archive ?
To enhance the development of a global governance framework for human genome editing, the Committee will undertake online consultations and in-person engagement.
WHO's advisory committee on developing global standards for governance and oversight of human genome editing was announced by Dr Tedros in December 2018.
The committee also agreed that a central registry on human genome editing research is needed in order to create an open and transparent database of ongoing work.
Launched in 2013, the Saudi Human Genome Program (SHGP) aims to sequence the genomes of the Saudi population, which will lead to early diagnosis of genetic disorders, the documenting of the first genetic map, and developing an interactive information system that will contribute to limit the spread of common hereditary diseases.
This new type harbors only a single copy of the human genome, instead of two copies from the mother and father, making gene editing easier thanks to the need of mutating only one copy for each gene.
The proposal, published in the journal Science on Thursday, outlines ways to build a synthetic human genome in a laboratory by using chemicals to create the DNA present in human chromosomes.
11 November 2014 - US sequencing platform developer Pacific Biosciences of California Inc (NASDAQ:PACB), provider of the PacBio RS II DNA Sequencing System, said Monday that the Nature journal had published a paper online entitled "Resolving the complexity of the human genome using single-molecule sequencing", which demonstrates how researchers used Single Molecule, Real-Time (SMRT) Sequencing technology to identify and resolve missing or misassembled regions of the human genome and to access more complex forms of variation not covered by other sequencing technologies.
The federally funded project was designed to find all of the functional elements of the human genome.
He said that what they found follows exactly what the anthropologists have said, and the molecular geneticists who have analyzed the human genome have said, about where humans originated and how they spread across the planet.
People familiar with the situation previously told Reuters that GSK was set to extend its tender offer - a direct appeal to Human Genome shareholders over the heads of management - while it begins a process to replace the entire HGS board with its own nominees.
The decision to go hostile with the $13 a share cash tender offer sets GSK up for a battle with those Human Genome investors who believe it is not offering enough.

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