Thanks to the so-called Humboldt Current
, its skies are almost permanently clear.
Nearby, the Humboldt Current
, a cold ocean current, ensures that clouds stay over the Pacific, or on the other side of the Andes, so night skies remain generally clear.
The Humboldt Current
is one of the world's most productive Large Marine Ecosystems (LMEs), representing approximately 6% of the global fish catch in 2015 (an El Nio year) and generating goods and services of around $20 billion annually.
The historical fluctuations in the distribution range and population size of jumbo squid populations may be related to historical variation in productivity along the Humboldt Current
System (HCS) (Ibanez et al.
Anchovy, cold-water fish used to make fishmeal, thrive in Peru's nutrient-rich Humboldt current
and scatter when waters heat up.
Humboldt penguins, which are classed as vulnerable on the IUCN red data list, originate along the South American coastline in areas reached by the Humboldt current
The presence of the Andes range paired with the cold Humboldt current
produces a formidable climate diversity, key for agricultural production.
ABSTRACT The Humboldt Current
that bathes the west coast of South America is affected by different influences at daily to decadal periodicities.
The trip also offers a boat trip into the Pacific's Humboldt Current
, which is one of the best areas to spot the albatross.
Yet it has water from the snow melt of the Andes, and the cooling influence of the cold Pacific Humboldt current
The contributions include discussions of theory and observation of inherent optical properties of non-spherical marine- like particles; global ecology of the giant kelp Macrocystis; habitat coupling by mid-latitude, subtidal, and marine mysids; use of diversity estimations in the study of sedimentary benthic communities; an integrated perspective of the coral reefs of the Andaman Sea; oceanographic processes, ecological interactions, and socioeconomic feedback in the Humboldt Current
system of northern and central Chile; loss, status, and trends for coastal marine habitats of Europe; and climate change and Australian marine life.
Eastern Boundary Current Systems (EBCSs) are among the most productive fishing areas in the world and the Humboldt Current
Large Marine Ecosystem (HCLME) alone comprised between 6-13% of the world's annual catch between 1994-2003 (FAO, 2003).