What Kind of Theory Is the Humean
Theory of Motivation?
For the purposes of this paper, I treat the Humean
theory as the positive claim above, and not as the negative claim that beliefs do not have the capacity to motivate us to act.
We then move more firmly into the twenty-first century in Chapter 5 as Callicott, seeking an underpinning of the Leopold land ethic, reaffirms the harmony of a Humean
ethic with Darwinian group selection models of ethics' natural roots but asserts that global climate change demands we 'now think ethically on a much larger scale than Leopold thinks that mountains think--we must think like a planet' (p.
There is not one natural law, but a vast manifold of normative orders--all of which may be fulfilling the abstract functional criteria of Humean
This is a persuasive take, given the confinement of Humean
history to subjective imagination.
Philosophers from North America describe the influence of Hume's view; the comparison of the Humean
and Aristotelian perspectives; the role of inductive reasoning in science; the Greek account of induction, including that of Socrates, Aristotle, and Euclid; the medieval perspective of Thomas Aquinas; Neo-Scholastic approaches to contemporary issues, such as those of Suarez, as well as Descartes; the historical transition from medieval realism to modern skepticism about the reliability of mental representations of the world; alternative modern approaches associated with Goethe, Lonergan, and American Pragmatism; and objections against contemporary accounts and a wider view of the exercise of intellection that produces the inductive insight.
Scanlon's emphasis on interpersonal justifiability, Lenman suggests, is better accounted for within a broadly Humean
and expressivist big picture of normativity.
Framarin thus argues that the Manusmrti cannot be marshaled as evidence for a broadly Humean
view in Indian philosophy.
LACUNA CONCERNING DETERMINATIONS OF CAUSAL CONNECTION
Drawing upon Kurki's work (2008) on the concept of causation in International Relations, I argue that these limitations are due to a narrow conception of the concept of cause that is almost exclusively attached to the Humean
conception of causation.
Mitchell here sees the different strategies for mobilizing social sympathy against slavery as rooted in either a Smithian or Humean
understanding of sympathy.
that Hume is advocating further research on the effects of a known principle, the Humean
"true philosopher" of the Treatise respects certain kinds of self-imposed limits to inquiry.