The Czech historian, Frantisek Palacky (1798-1876), depicted the late-fourteenth century Hussites
as the vanguard of the Protestant Reformation and, by concocting this self-consciously Protestantised rendering of the national past, Palacky 'sought to prove that even small nations could make a substantial contribution to European civilisation.
came up with the idea of translating chants from Latin into Czech, with the earliest attempts known being made in the case of the Jistebnice hymn-book in the first half of the 15th century.
Howard Kaminsky was wrong and Jan Hus, for example, was a heretic and so were some of his disciples, the appropriately named Hussites
, as became known in historiography, were many and very diverse.
After the "Babylonian Captivity" of papacy in Avignon (1309-1377), at the end of the reign of the Bohemian Emperor Charles IV, the papacy returned to Rome, but immediately after Charles' death followed the scandalous Great Schism (1378-1412) with anti-popes, resulting in the first major division of Christendom by the Hussites
According to Rnowles, there was little in Luther's De votis monasticis "that had not been said before by Wycliffites, Hussites
and others," though perhaps not so "powerfully massed" or "pungently expressed" as in Luther's own writings (165-166).
In a few volumes, the compression of history into short paragraphs confuses more than it enlightens, as with summaries on Italian suffrage and Czech Hussites
Since the work is not meant to be a survey of heresy, readers should be aware that the narrative essentially comes to halt in the mid-thirteenth century, just prior to the era of the Franciscan Spirituals and well before the emergence of Lollards and Hussites
Le fait de se rapporter au passe dans la diegese (elle-meme abondamment nourrie de references a un autre passe, celui des Hussites
, des heretiques) et de l'utiliser dans le present (celui de Sand) soutient l'idee de continuite, de transgression spatio-temporelle, et de quete perpetuelle.
He begins with the Hussites
and Taborites in the early fifteenth century and continues through the Counter-reformation, the Catholic Enlightenment, Josephism and, finally, legal statues of religious toleration.
The second half of the book surveys lay renewal movements from the second century, through the medieval Waldensians and Hussites
, to the Anabaptists and Pietists.
He situates the Devout on a broad canvas of new religious ideas and forms that include beguines, tertiaries, Lollards, Hussites
, Wycliffites, and Free Spirits.