, as became known in historiography, were many and very diverse.
After the "Babylonian Captivity" of papacy in Avignon (1309-1377), at the end of the reign of the Bohemian Emperor Charles IV, the papacy returned to Rome, but immediately after Charles' death followed the scandalous Great Schism (1378-1412) with anti-popes, resulting in the first major division of Christendom by the Hussites
In a few volumes, the compression of history into short paragraphs confuses more than it enlightens, as with summaries on Italian suffrage and Czech Hussites
. Glossaries--entrepreneurial, fief, serf, propaganda, infrastructure, Marshall Plan--encourage in-depth reading and perception of themes.
Since the work is not meant to be a survey of heresy, readers should be aware that the narrative essentially comes to halt in the mid-thirteenth century, just prior to the era of the Franciscan Spirituals and well before the emergence of Lollards and Hussites
. Moore is concerned with exploring the cultural conditions that produced a war on heresy rather than cataloging how it unfolded in the later Middle Ages.
Duarte as Infante; Apostolic cameral collector for Portugal (notably collector of the funds destined for expeditions against the Hussites
(Bohemia)] (Johannes, decano e segretario del Principe del Portogallo)
Le fait de se rapporter au passe dans la diegese (elle-meme abondamment nourrie de references a un autre passe, celui des Hussites
, des heretiques) et de l'utiliser dans le present (celui de Sand) soutient l'idee de continuite, de transgression spatio-temporelle, et de quete perpetuelle.
It negotiated with declared heretics (the Hussites
), deposed a sitting pope (Eugene IV) and even declared a decree on the superiority of conciliar over papal authority (Haec sancta) to be a veritas of the faith.
He begins with the Hussites
and Taborites in the early fifteenth century and continues through the Counter-reformation, the Catholic Enlightenment, Josephism and, finally, legal statues of religious toleration.
The second half of the book surveys lay renewal movements from the second century, through the medieval Waldensians and Hussites
, to the Anabaptists and Pietists.
He situates the Devout on a broad canvas of new religious ideas and forms that include beguines, tertiaries, Lollards, Hussites
, Wycliffites, and Free Spirits.
(5) In truth the Hussites
often sang a translation of the Hebrew hymn, "The One and Only," which proclaimed the unity of the Godhead.