hydrocarbon(redirected from Hydrocarbon classification)
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Any of numerous organic compounds, such as benzene and methane, that contain only carbon and hydrogen.
hy′dro·car′bo·na′ceous (-bə-nā′shəs), hy′dro·car·bon′ic (-bŏn′ĭk), hy′dro·car′bon·ous (-bə-nəs) adj.
(Elements & Compounds) any organic compound containing only carbon and hydrogen, such as the alkanes, alkenes, alkynes, terpenes, and arenes
hy•dro•car•bon(ˌhaɪ drəˈkɑr bən, ˈhaɪ drəˌkɑr-)
any of a class of aliphatic, cyclic, or aromatic compounds containing only hydrogen and carbon, as methane or benzene.
Any of numerous organic compounds, such as benzene, that contain only carbon and hydrogen.
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|Noun||1.||hydrocarbon - an organic compound containing only carbon and hydrogen|
chlorobenzene - a colorless volatile flammable liquid with an almond odor that is made from chlorine and benzene; used as a solvent and in the production of phenol and DDT and other organic compounds
aromatic compound - a hydrocarbon containing one or more benzene rings that are characteristic of the benzene series of compounds
gasohol - a gasoline substitute consisting of 90% gasoline and 10% grain alcohol from corn
gasolene, gasoline, petrol, gas - a volatile flammable mixture of hydrocarbons (hexane and heptane and octane etc.) derived from petroleum; used mainly as a fuel in internal-combustion engines
coal oil, kerosene, kerosine, lamp oil - a flammable hydrocarbon oil used as fuel in lamps and heaters
organic compound - any compound of carbon and another element or a radical
aromatic hydrocarbon - a hydrocarbon that contains one or more benzene rings that are characteristic of the benzene series of organic compounds
indene - a colorless liquid hydrocarbon extracted from petroleum or coal tar and used in making synthetic resins
cymene - any of three isotopes of a colorless aromatic liquid hydrocarbon occurring in the volatile oil of cumin and thyme and used in the manufacture of synthetic resins
dioxin - any of several toxic or carcinogenic hydrocarbons that occur as impurities in herbicides
bottled gas, liquefied petroleum gas - hydrocarbon gases, usually propane or butane, kept under pressure
bitumen - any of various naturally occurring impure mixtures of hydrocarbons
butadiene - a gaseous hydrocarbon C4H6; used in making synthetic rubbers
naphtha - any of various volatile flammable liquid hydrocarbon mixtures; used chiefly as solvents
naphthalene - a white crystalline strong-smelling hydrocarbon made from coal tar or petroleum and used in organic synthesis and as a fumigant in mothballs
pyrene - a pale yellow crystalline hydrocarbon C16H10 extracted from coal tar
octane - any isomeric saturated hydrocarbon found in petroleum and used as a fuel and solvent
gas oil - an oil formed through distillation of petroleum of intermediate boiling range and viscosity
terpene - an unsaturated hydrocarbon obtained from plants
provitamin - vitamin precursor; a substance that is converted into a vitamin in animal tissues
Hydrocarbonsalkane, alkene, alkyne, arene, cetane, cubane, cycloalkane, cyclopentadiene, cyclopropane, diene, decane, indene, isooctane, naphthalene, octane, pentane, pyrene, retene, stilbene, triptane, xylene