Hydrocyanide


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Related to Hydrocyanide: Hydrocyanic

Hy`dro`cy´a`nide


n.1.(Chem.) A compound of hydrocyanic acid with a base; - distinguished from a cyanide, in which only the cyanogen so combines.
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary, published 1913 by G. & C. Merriam Co.
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Anti-nutritive components were found to be much reduced in cluster 4 accessions; phytate (0.610.02mg/100g), hydrocyanide (3.430.42mg/100g) and oxalate (6.100.28mg/100g).
Cassava contains a natural content of lactic acid bacteria and yeast, a minimum mycotoxin contamination and a low, non-toxic content of hydrocyanide (HCN) which promotes good health in animals (Reas, 1996; Kanto and Juttupornpong, 2005; Promthong, 2005; Kanto, 2006).
The cassava chips in the CCB had hydrocyanide (HCN) content reduced by soaking in water for 4 h, boiled for 1 h and sun dried for 3 d before mixing in the experimental diet.
If the particle decayed, it released hydrocyanide and the cat was dead; if the particle stayed intact, the cat was alive.
Slight variation in the nutritional quality of the root is notable [11]; the root hydrocyanide content ranges from 1-1550 ppm [12] with sweet varieties having hydrocyanide values less than 50 ppm while bitter varieties have values as high as 100 ppm [6].
A strong positive relationship (r = 0.98) which was significant (p < 0.01) between moisture content and cyanide content in raw cassava cultivars is attributed to solubility of hydrocyanide acid in water [15], and also explains why Fumba chai had the highest moisture content corresponding to high cyanide levels.
However, Makkar and Becker [5] reported that the presence of a cocktail of anti-nutritional factors like phorbol esters, saponins, tannins, phytates, lectins, hydrocyanides and oxalates prevent its use in animal feeding; phorbol ester is considered the most toxic compound.