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 (hĭk′sōs, -sŏs)
A Semitic people who invaded Egypt and ruled it during the 17th and 16th centuries bc. They introduced the horse and chariot into Egypt.


n, pl -sos
(Historical Terms) a member of a nomadic Asian people, probably Semites, who controlled Egypt from 1720 bc until 1560 bc
[from Greek Huksōs name of ruling dynasty in Egypt, from Egyptian hq's'sw ruler of the lands of the nomads]


(ˈhɪk soʊs, -sɒs)

a succession of rulers of Asian origin who controlled parts of ancient Egypt between the 13th and 18th dynasties, c1650–1500 b.c.
[1595–1605; < Greek Hyksṓs, perhaps < Egyptian ḥg(') ruler + h'st foreign land]
References in periodicals archive ?
One of the accounts we have of this pharaoh is given by Joseph Flavius in his book entitled Against Apion, he observes that Amenophis (Akhenaton) who wanted to be able to 'see the Gods', rebelled against the religion of his ancestors, and that a group of leprous Egyptians, assisted by the shepherds (Hyksos) from Jerusalem fought against the army of Egypt, but were defeated.
According to hieroglyphs, Taita was asked to find a way to crush Southern Egypt's greatest enemy, the Hyksos people in the north.
Cycles of conquest--from the Hyksos of Syria to the Philistines to King David to Alexander the Great to Napoleon Bonaparte--have wracked Gaza's much-trespassed borders for millennia, leaving upheaval and devastation in their wake.
However, some researchers consider the content on the Tempest Stela to be a metaphorical document that illustrated the impact of the Hyksos invasion.
Summary: Discovery by team from University of Pennsylvania provides new evidence that at least part of Egypt may have escaped rule of Hyksos, invaders from what is now Syria.
According to the archaeologists, the statue might have been brought to Israel in the second millennium BCE during the dynasty of the kings known as the Hyksos, who originated in Cann.
These include the great King Ramses II, one of ancient Egypt's most famous and longest ruling Pharaohs, who liberated Egypt from the Hyksos at the beginning of the New Kingdom and King Menes, the Unifier of Southern and Northern Egypt.
However, by the time of the Arabs the Egyptian civilization had existed for nearly 3000 years as an African civilization, invaded at times by Hyksos, Persians, Assyrians, Greeks, and Romans, speaking and writing an African language often called mdwKam, the language of Kemet, the African name for ancient Egypt (Greek origin aegyptos) (Asante, 2007).
There is a list of illustrations in each of the two volumes, short biographies of the authors, acknowledgements, abbreviations, a selected chronology (but no rulers for the Second Intermediate or Hyksos period are included) and two maps for Egypt and Nubia (again separated between pharaonic and Greco-Roman Egypt) at the beginning.
Historians postulate that the 15th Egyptian Dynasty, known as the "Hyksos", who ruled north Egypt from 1650-1550 B.C.
Egypt has been without democracy for the past thirty years, and from 1952, 1799 and the departure of Napoleon from Egypt, and ever since the time of pharaohs and the Hyksos. The youths can wait for another six months, having waited three thousand years, because the work of the government requires time before results can be reached, be they positive or negative.