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The ability to perform ADL and IADL tasks is commonly used by researchers as an indicator of elders' functional competence (Djernes, Gulmann, Abelskov, Juul-Nielsen, & Sorensen, 1998).
A decline from 0 to 1 on individual ADL and IADL items is not considered clinically significant.
2) When one looks at the characteristics of individual participants (ADL, IADL, cognition, continence, special problems), one explains just under 30 percent of the variation in the number of hours allocated to each participant.
Patients in this study may have been limited in ADL and IADL performance due to uncertainty about the degree of energy and effort they could safely put forth while completing these tasks.
The Moss Kitchen Assessment Revised (Harridge & Shah, 1995) IADL measure gauges community functioning of persons with PD using six hierarchical task levels.
Given extensive involvement in elder care, including tangible assistance with ADL or IADL impairment, emotional support, informational support, connecting older adults to HCBS, and negotiating services on older adults' behalf, the primary caregiver has been used as a source of information regarding service use in earlier studies (Bass, Noelker, & McCarthy, 1999; Morgan et al.
Physical functioning was determined by the clients' self-report to a 9-item scale including measures of ADL (feeding, bathing and dressing, preparing meals and doing laundry), IADL (shopping), mobility (moving around inside the house, climbing stairs, walking 1 block, walking > 1 mile), and vigorous activities.
However, when component scores (ADL, age, IADL, MMSE) of the HARP composite scores were analyzed separately, the ADL score and the IADL score had Pearson correlations of 0.
Pearson correlation analyses were used to assess associations between role strain and IADL and between personal strain and IADL as well as between total and IADL.
ED, emergency department: IADL, instrumental activities of daily living: MSQ, Short Portable Mental Status Questionnaire.
About two thirds of the sample is female, 56 percent have no spouse, and people in the sample have a high number of ADL and IADL problems (because of the NLTCS screening rules).
In addition, participants who had difficulty with activities other than seeing, hearing, and having their speech understood by others were asked to select up to three conditions (from a list of 30) that they believed caused limitation or difficulty with a functional activity, ADL, or IADL.
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