interferon(redirected from IFN)
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1. Any of a group of glycoproteins that are produced by different cell types in response to various stimuli, such as exposure to a virus, bacterium, parasite, or other antigen, and that inhibit infection through mechanisms such as preventing viral replication or regulating the immune system.
2. Any of a group of synthetic glycoproteins that are structurally similar to these compounds and are used therapeutically, especially as antivirals.
(Biochemistry) biochem any of a family of proteins made by cells in response to virus infection that prevent the growth of the virus. Some interferons can prevent cell growth and have been tested for use in cancer therapy
[C20: from interfere + -on]
in•ter•fer•on(ˌɪn tərˈfɪər ɒn)
any of various proteins, produced by virus-infected cells, that inhibit reproduction of the invading virus and induce resistance to further infection.
Any of a group of proteins that are produced by animal cells in response to infection by a virus and that, in many cases, prevent replication of the virus. Some interferons trigger an immune response in the body. They have been investigated as treatment for many diseases, including certain cancers.
Immune system proteins that help to protect cells against attack by some kinds of viruses.
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|Noun||1.||interferon - an antiviral protein produced by cells that have been invaded by a virus; inhibits replication of the virus|
alpha-interferon - a form of interferon that is produced endogenously and commercially for its pharmacological effects (including regulation of the immune system and antiviral and antineoplastic effects)
beta-interferon - a form of interferon that is produced by fibroblasts and have antiviral effects; used in the treatment of multiple sclerosis
gamma-interferon - a form of interferon that is produced by T cells and macrophages; involved in the activation of phagocytes
interferon[ˌɪntəˈfɪərɒn] N → interferón m
n (Chem) → Interferon nt
n. interferón, proteína natural liberada por células expuestas a la acción del virus que se usa en el tratamiento de infecciones y neoplasmas.